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Rotheca microphylla (variegated)


Rotheca microphylla (variegated)

Family Name: Lamiaceae (Labiatae)
Synonyms: Clerodendrum macrosiphon (variegated leaves)
Common Name: Variegated Musical Notes, Variegated Do-Re-Mi Plant


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Infraspecific Epithet
Name Status (botanical)
Common Names

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
Plant Growth Form Shrub
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic


Native Distribution Of horticultural origin
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical
Local Conservation Status Non-native (Horticultural / Cultivated Only)

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form Shrub up to 2 m tall with an erect growth form.
Foliage Lance-shaped leaves are mostly green with a greenish yellow, cream-flecked margin. The leaf margin is lined with coarse, rounded or pointed teeth that are irregularly spaced from one another.
Flowers White, tubular flowers are densely arranged in a terminal inflorescence. The flower bud is flattened and circular, resembling an upside down musical note. It opens to form a 2-lipped flower with the upper lobe divided into 2 parts and the lower lobe divided into 3 parts. The long stamens are 2-3 times the length of the lobes and are mostly dark purple, but whitish near the base of the filaments. The stigma is solid dark purple.

Landscaping Features

Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Flowers
Landscape Uses Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun
Water Preference Moderate Water
Rootzone Tolerance Moist Soils
Maintenance Requirements Moderate
Propagation Method Seed, Stem Cutting


Mature Foliage Colour(s) Cream / Off-White, Green
Foliar Type Simple / Unifoliate
Foliar Arrangement Along Stem Opposite
Foliar Attachment to Stem Petiolate
Foliar Shape(s) Non-Palm Foliage (Lanceolate)
Foliar Venation Pinnate / Net
Foliar Margin Serrate / Toothed
Foliar Apex - Tip Acuminate
Foliar Base Cuneate
Mature Foliage Colour(s) Remarks Greenish yellow

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower & Plant Sexuality Bisexual Flowers
Flower Colour(s) White
Flower Grouping Cluster / Inflorescence
Flower Location Terminal
Flower Symmetry Bilateral
Individual Flower Shape Labiate / Lipped
Inflorescence Type Spike, Cyme

Fruit, Seed and Spore

Mature Fruit Colour(s) Purple
Fruit Classification Simple Fruit


References Callmander, M.W., Phillipson, P.B., Wearn, J.A. & de Kok, R.P.J. (2013). Adieu Adelosa Blume (Lamiaceae): Further observations on Rotheca Raf. for Madagascar. Candollea 68(2): 316–320.

Image Repository



Master ID 29738
Species ID 4047
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 23 March 2023.