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Rotheca microphylla


Rotheca microphylla (Blume) Callm. & Phillipson

Family Name: Lamiaceae (Labiatae)
Synonyms: Clerodendrum incisum Klotzsch, Rotheca incisa (Klotzsch) Steane & Mabb., Clerodendrum macrosiphon Hook f.
Common Name: Musical Notes, Witch's Tongue, Do-Re-Me Plant


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Authority
Name Status (botanical)
Common Names

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Growth Form Shrub
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic


Native Distribution New Guinea & Philippines
Native Habitat Terrestrial

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form Small bushy shrub, able to grow up to about 0.5 - 1 m tall.
Foliage Leaves lanceolate in shape, measuring about 5 - 10 cm long.
Flowers White flowers, long and tubular, buds resembling musical notes (hence the common name), long reddish-purple stamens.

Landscaping Features

Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Flowers

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun
Water Preference Moderate Water, Lots of Water
Rootzone Tolerance Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils


Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Leaf Area Index (LAI) for Green Plot Ratio 4.5 (Shrub & Groundcover - Dicot)

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower Colour(s) White


References Callmander, M.W., Phillipson, P.B., Wearn, J.A. & de Kok, R.P.J. (2013). Adieu Adelosa Blume (Lamiaceae): Further observations on Rotheca Raf. for Madagascar. Candollea 68(2): 316–320.

Image Repository



Master ID 528
Species ID 1824
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 20 March 2023.