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Sagittaria latifolia


Sagittaria latifolia

Family Name: Alismataceae
Common Name: Broadleaf Arrowhead, Common Arrowhead


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Status (botanical)
Common Names

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
Plant Growth Form Aquatic & Hydrophyte (Emergent Aquatic)
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic


Native Distribution North America and British Columbia
Native Habitat Aquatic (Freshwater Pond / Lake / River)
Local Conservation Status Non-native

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form An aquatic emergent. 
Roots The rots are rough and develop starchy tubers. 
Foliage The leaves are arranged in a rosette and are sagittate, have an entire margin and conspicuous parallel veins. The petioles are long and are wider and sheath-like at the base. 
Flowers The flowers are borne on long stalks of the same length or more than that of the leaves and are arranged in whorls. The white flowers are monoecious, the male flowers which have multiple yellow stamens and are located on the upper end of the inflorescence while the female flowers have multiple green pistils and are located at the lower end. Each flowers have 3 soft and thin petals and green sepals. 
Fruit The fruit is an achene, are 3-angled and winged. 
Habitat It is found in marshes, swamps, ditches and shallow areas of ponds, lakes and streams. 
Cultivation It is ideally grown under full or partial sun in soil rich in organic matter in shallow water with pH levels of 6.0 to 6.5. 
Ethnobotanical Uses Others: The starchy tubers are eaten as a food source by waterfowl, muskrats and beavers in the wild. 

Landscaping Features

Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Flowers, Ornamental Form
Landscape Uses Parks & Gardens, Pond / Lake / River
Thematic Landscaping Water Garden

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun, Semi-Shade
Water Preference Lots of Water
Rootzone Tolerance Waterlogged Soils, Acidic (low pH) Soils
Propagation Method Seed, Storage Organ (Tuberous Root)


Foliage Retention Evergreen
Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Mature Foliage Texture(s) Smooth
Foliar Type Simple / Unifoliate
Foliar Arrangement Along Stem Rosulate / Rosette
Foliar Attachment to Stem Petiolate
Foliar Shape(s) Non-Palm Foliage (Sagittate)
Foliar Venation Parallel
Foliar Margin Entire

Non - Foliar and Storage

Specialised Storage Organ(s) Underground

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower & Plant Sexuality Unisexual Flowers
Flower Colour(s) White
Flower Texture(s) Thin
Flower Grouping Cluster / Inflorescence

Fruit, Seed and Spore

Fruit Type Indehiscent Dry Fruit , Achene

Image Repository



Master ID 30352
Species ID 4661
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 14 October 2021.