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Sagittaria sagittifolia


Sagittaria sagittifolia L.

Family Name: Alismataceae


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Authority
Name Status (botanical)

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Monocotyledon)
Plant Growth Form Aquatic & Hydrophyte (Emergent Aquatic)
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic


Native Distribution Europe
Native Habitat Aquatic
Local Conservation Status Non-native

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form A herbaceous perennial, it can reach a height of 1m. It has an upright form. 
Roots The roots are tuberous and are produced on creeping runners. 
Foliage The simple leaves are arranged in a spiral and have a long triangular petiole. The leaf blade is arrow-shaped and glossy. 
Flowers The flowers are borne on an flower inflorescence and are arranged in whorls of 3. The flowers are monoecious,  both male and female flowers occur on the same plant, the upper flowers generally having stamens. Each flower has three sepals and three white petals with a purple spot at the base.   
Habitat It can be found in water bodies with slow-moving water such as reservoirs, swamps and ponds. 
Cultivation The plant is best grown under full sun in consistently wet soil or submerged in shallow water. 
Ethnobotanical Uses Edible Plant Parts : Edible Storage Organs
Food (Fruit or Vegetable): The starchy, tuberous roots can be eaten cooked and should not be eaten raw. 

Landscaping Features

Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Form
Landscape Uses Parks & Gardens, Pond / Lake / River, Marsh / Bog
Thematic Landscaping Water Garden

Fauna, Pollination and Dispersal

Pollination Method(s) Biotic (Fauna)
Seed or Spore Dispersal Abiotic (Water)

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun
Water Preference Lots of Water
Rootzone Tolerance Waterlogged Soils
Propagation Method Storage Organ (Tuberous Root)


Foliage Retention Evergreen
Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Mature Foliage Texture(s) Smooth
Foliar Type Simple / Unifoliate
Foliar Arrangement Along Stem Spiral
Foliar Attachment to Stem Petiolate
Foliar Shape(s) Non-Palm Foliage
Foliar Margin Entire
Foliar Apex - Tip Rounded
Foliar Base Sagittate

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower & Plant Sexuality Unisexual Flowers
Flower Colour(s) Purple, White
Flower Grouping Cluster / Inflorescence
Flower Location Axillary

Image Repository



Master ID 31614
Species ID 6013
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 20 August 2021.