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Bulbophyllum medusae


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Authority
Name Status (botanical)

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Monocotyledon)
Plant Growth Form Epiphyte
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic
Plant Shape Weeping / Pendulous


Native Distribution Thailand, Malaysia, Borneo, Lesser Sunda Islands and Sumatra.
Native Habitat Terrestrial
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical
Local Conservation Status Native to Singapore (Presumed Nationally Extinct (NEx))

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form A small sized epiphyte.
Foliage Single leaf emerges at the top of pseudobulb, measuring 10 cm long and dark green in colour.
Stems Creeping rhizome.
Flowers Flowers are borne in clusters, at terminal end of erect stems. Inflorescence measures 20 cm long, sprouting from pseudobulbs. Flowers emit unpleasant odour. The flowers are creamy-yellow, some varieties having purple spots on the floral parts. About 15 of them are arranged in a fan shape whorl or in a circle at the tip of the flower stalk. The lateral sepals are 12 cm-long, which is much longer than the upper sepal.
Others - Plant Morphology This exotic-looking species is also a native of Singapore.
Habitat Found on tree trunks and main branches in lowland forests at elevations of sea levels to 400 m.
Cultivation Plant requires partial shade and regular watering but allow to dry out briefly between watering. Keep good air circulation to avoid fungal growth. Keep plant in warm temperature. Plants do not like to have their roots disturbed when repotting, therefore pot in half sphagnum moss and half fine bark or mounted on slabs of bark.
Etymology The genus Bulbophyllum means bulb-leafed, which refers to the pseudobulb that is surmounted by leaf. Specific epithet medusae means like Medusa's head, in reference to the long thread-like flowers.

Landscaping Features

Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Flowers
Landscape Uses Container Planting, Suitable for Hanging Baskets

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Semi-Shade
Water Preference Moderate Water
Rootzone Tolerance Well-Drained Soils

Image Repository



Master ID 30646
Species ID 4955
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 15 October 2021.