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Phoenix sylvestris


Phoenix sylvestris

Family Name: Arecaceae (Palmae)
Common Name: Wild Date Palm, India Date, Silver Date Palm, Sugar Date Palm, Toddy Palm


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Status (botanical)
Common Names

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
Plant Growth Form Palm (Solitary Palm)
Plant Shape Fountain (Palm-like)


Native Distribution India & Pakistan
Native Habitat Terrestrial

Description and Ethnobotany

Crown Has very dense crown consists about 100 pinnate leaves. No crown shaft.
Trunk Slender. Has swollen base, trunk are cover with persistent old leaf base. 
Foliage Blue-green. Pinnate leaves, Armed with leaflets spines(modified leaflet). 
Fruits Yellow to orange. Oblong fruit (about 2cm long) containing a single large seed with thin layer of edible flesh. 
Ethnobotanical Uses Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits)
[Others]: The fruits are edible and it taste sweet. The fresh sap from the cut flower buds is fermented into toddy (alcoholic drink) or boiled to make palm jaggery (whole cane sugar).

Landscaping Features

Landscape Uses Interiorscape/ Indoor Plant, Container Planting

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun
Water Preference Moderate Water
Plant Growth Rate Moderate
Pruning Need to trim away the old dead leaves which tend to form a 'skirt' around the trunk. 
Propagation Method Seed


Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Foliar Shape(s) Palm Fronds (Pinnate / Feather)
Leaf Area Index (LAI) for Green Plot Ratio 2.5 (Palm - Solitary)

Non - Foliar and Storage

Trunk Type (Palm) Solitary Habit, Aboveground

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower & Plant Sexuality 1 Unisexual Flowers
Flower & Plant Sexuality 2 Dioecious
Flower Colour(s) White
Flower Grouping Cluster / Inflorescence
Inflorescence Size - Length 1
Inflorescence Size - Unit m

Fruit, Seed and Spore

Mature Fruit Colour(s) - Angiosperms and Gymnosperms Red
Seed Quantity Per Fruit Few (1-5)

Image Repository



Master ID 1373
Species ID 5094
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 19 August 2021.