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Hoya latifolia G. Don

Family Name: Apocynaceae
Semi-Shade Moderate Water Native to Singapore Interiorscape / Indoor Plant Ornamental Flowers Ornamental Foliage Climber, Vine and Liana Epiphyte

Name

Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Authority
Comments

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
Plant Growth Form Climber, Vine & Liana, Epiphyte
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic

Biogeography

Native Distribution Sundaland and Borneo (Sarawak, Sabah and Kalimantan, Indonesia)
Native Habitat Terrestrial
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical
Local Conservation Status 1 Native to Singapore (Endangered (EN))

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form A large, epiphytic climber.
Foliage Petioles are cylindrical, 1 - 3 cm long. Leaf blade is broadly ovate, measuring 10 - 25 x 7 - 15 cm, thick and fleshy, green to maroon in colour, with distinct palmate venation.
Flowers Flowers are borne in clusters of 3 - 5 cm in diameter, with 20 - 50 flowers per cluster. The inflorescence are clustered together along a pendulous branches. Flower is about 9 - 12 mm in diameter, corolla is lime green-yellow, light pink-purple, pubescent inside.
Fruits Light green when young, turning yellow when mature, measuring 15 cm long.
Habitat Found in various habitats such as dipterocarp forests and swamp forests.
Taxonomy According to Anthony Lamb and Michele Rodda (A Guide to Hoyas of Borneo), there are two known forms. The first is maroon leaves with red veins and light pink flowers. The second is green leaves with light yellow-green flowers.
Etymology The specific epithet latifolia means broad leaves.
Ethnobotanical Uses Medicinal ( Latex has diurectic properties and is used in the  treatment of ascites (accumulation of fluid in peritoneal cavity))

Landscaping Features

Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Flowers, Ornamental Foliage
Plant & Rootzone Preference - Tolerance Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Easy to Grow
Landscape Uses Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens, Skyrise / Balcony, Interiorscape/ Indoor Plant, Container Planting
Usage Hazard - Cons Remarks Avoid contact with milky/ white sap as it may cause skin irritation in certain individuals. Keep plants away from children and pets as sap could be toxic.

Fauna, Pollination and Dispersal

Pollination Method(s) Biotic (Fauna)

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Semi-Shade
Water Preference Moderate Water
Propagation Method Stem Cutting

Foliar

Foliage Retention Evergreen
Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Mature Foliage Texture(s) Leathery, Thick
Prominent Young Flush Colour(s) Purple
Young Flush Texture(s) Leathery, Thin
Foliar Type Simple / Unifoliate
Foliar Arrangement Along Stem Opposite
Foliar Attachment to Stem Petiolate
Foliar Shape(s) Non-Palm Foliage (Ovate)
Foliar Venation Palmate
Foliar Margin Entire
Prominent Young Flush Colour(s) Remarks Young leaves dark purplish red in some specimens.

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower Colour(s) Pink, Green - Light Green, Cream / Off-White
Flower Texture(s) Waxy, Velvety / Furry / Tomentose
Flower Grouping Cluster / Inflorescence
Flower Symmetry Radial
Individual Flower Shape Stellate / Star-shaped
Inflorescence Type Umbel
Flower Lifespan on Plant Several Days

Fruit, Seed & Spore

Fruit Classification Simple Fruit
Fruit Type 1 Dehiscent Dry Fruit

Image Repository

Images

Others

Master ID 30800
Species ID 5155
Species record last updated on: 28 November 2019.
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