Singapore Government Logo

A Singapore Government Agency Website


Mentha × piperita 'Black Peppermint'

Family Name: Lamiaceae (Labiatae)
Common Name: Black Peppermint
Full Sun: 6-8h Semi-Shade Moderate Water Herb & Spice Fragrant Woody Herbaceous


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Infraspecific Epithet
Common Names

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
Plant Growth Form Shrub (Herbaceous)
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic
Plant Shape Irregular


Native Distribution Europe
Native Habitat Terrestrial
Local Conservation Status 1 Exotic (Horticultural / Cultivated Only)

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form Herb up to 1 m tall. 
Foliage Dark purplish-brown leaves are ovate with toothed leaf margin.
Stems Stems are 4-sided and square in cross-section.
Flowers Small, mauve flowers are arranged in whorl-like clusters at the stem nodes.
Fruits One-seeded, indehiscent fruits are known as nutlets.
Similar This cultivar of peppermint is similar to white peppermint, but it produces more oil which is lower quality and has dark purplish brown leaves and stems, while those of white peppermint are green. 
Cultivation It grows best in moist, fertile soil under bright light, but needs protection from intense afternoon sun.
Ethnobotanical Uses Edible Plant Parts (Edible Leaves)
Food (Herb and Spice : Peppermint tea is typically made from black peppermint leaves. )
Medicinal ( Essential oil is used in folk medicine to relieve nausea.)

Landscaping Features

Desirable Plant Features Fragrant (Foliage)
Plant & Rootzone Preference - Tolerance Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils
Landscape Uses Parks & Gardens

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun, Semi-Shade
Water Preference Moderate Water
Plant Growth Rate Fast
Propagation Method Stolon / Runner


Mature Foliage Colour(s) Brown, Purple
Foliar Type Simple / Unifoliate
Foliar Arrangement Along Stem Opposite
Foliar Attachment to Stem Petiolate
Foliar Shape(s) Non-Palm Foliage (Ovate)
Foliar Venation Pinnate / Net
Foliar Margin Serrate / Toothed
Foliar Apex - Tip Acute
Foliar Base Rounded / Obtuse

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower & Plant Sexuality 1 Bisexual Flowers
Flower Colour(s) Botryophora
Flower Grouping Cluster / Inflorescence
Flower Location Terminal

Image Repository



Master ID 31636
Species ID 6035
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 20 April 2020.