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Vanda helvola Blume

Family Name: Orchidaceae
Semi-Shade Moderate Water Ornamental Flowers Epiphyte


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Authority
Name Status (botanical)

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Monocotyledon)
Plant Growth Form Epiphyte
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic


Native Distribution Borneo, Jawa, Malaya, Sumatera, Bismarck Archipelago and New Guinea. 
Native Habitat Terrestrial
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical
Local Conservation Status Exotic (Horticultural / Cultivated Only)

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form An epiphyte, it has an erect to pendulous growth form and can grow up to 60cm long.  
Flowers The flowers are borne on axillary racemes and are fragrant. The flowers measure 4 to 5cm wide and are waxy to the touch. The flowers colour is variable, ranging from yellow, yellow-brown and pink. The flower lip is triangular-deltoid and flat. 
Habitat It is found growing in moist forests from 200 to 1500m in altitude. 

Landscaping Features

Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Flowers
Landscape Uses Parks & Gardens

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Semi-Shade, [Remarks] (Best grown under 70% light. )
Water Preference Moderate Water
Propagation Method Seed, Stem Cutting


Foliage Retention Evergreen
Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Foliar Type Simple / Unifoliate
Foliar Arrangement Along Stem Alternate
Foliar Attachment to Stem Sessile
Foliar Margin Entire

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower & Plant Sexuality 1 Bisexual Flowers
Flower Colour(s) Brown, Yellow / Golden
Flower Texture(s) Smooth, Waxy
Flower Grouping Cluster / Inflorescence
Flower Location Axillary
Flower Symmetry Bilateral
Inflorescence Type Raceme

Image Repository



Master ID 32035
Species ID 6438
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 20 August 2021.