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Piper baccatum Blume

Family Name: Piperaceae
Semi Shade Moderate Water Native to Singapore Ornamental Leaves Climber, Vine and Liana


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Authority
Name Status (botanical)

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
Plant Growth Form Climber, Vine & Liana
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic


Native Distribution Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, and Singapore
Native Habitat Terrestrial
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical
Local Conservation Status Native to Singapore (Critically Endangered (CR))

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form It is a woody climber.
Foliage Its alternate, stalked leaves have leaf blades that are heart-shaped, and up to 13 by 9 cm.
Flowers Its flowers are arranged in stalked clusters that are about 10 cm long.
Habitat It grows in lowland forests. It is found locally in forests around MacRitchie Reservoir and Nee Soon Swamp Forest.
Associated Fauna Its flowers are pollinated by insects.
Cultivation It can be propagated from seed or stem cuttings.
Etymology The genus Piper is from Sanskrit : pippali. The species baccatum, means having berries, fruits with fleshy or pulpy coats).

Landscaping Features

Landscaping It is suitable for parks as a ground cover or climber on trellises in partially shaded areas.
Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Foliage
Plant & Rootzone Preference - Tolerance Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
Landscape Uses Parks & Gardens, Trellis / Arbour / Pergola, Groundcover

Fauna, Pollination and Dispersal

Pollination Method(s) Biotic (Fauna)
Seed or Spore Dispersal Biotic (Fauna)

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Semi-Shade
Water Preference Moderate Water
Plant Growth Rate Moderate
Propagation Method Seed, Stem Cutting


Foliage Retention Evergreen
Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Mature Foliage Texture(s) Leathery
Prominent Young Flush Colour(s) Green - Light Green
Foliar Type Simple / Unifoliate
Foliar Arrangement Along Stem Alternate
Foliar Attachment to Stem Petiolate
Foliar Shape(s) Non-Palm Foliage
Foliar Venation Pinnate / Net
Foliar Margin Entire
Foliar Apex - Tip Acute, Acuminate
Foliar Base Rounded / Obtuse, Cordate

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower Grouping Cluster / Inflorescence
Flower Location Axillary

Fruit, Seed and Spore

Fruit Classification Simple Fruit
Fruit Type 1 Fleshy Fruit
Fruit Type 2 Non-Accessory Fruit


References Suwanphakdee, C., Simpson, D.A., Hodkinson T.R. & Chantaranothai P. (2020). A synopsis of Thai Piper (Piperaceae). Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany) 48(2): 145-183.

Image Repository



Master ID 32083
Species ID 6489
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 11 February 2022.