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Ocimum basilicum (Thai basil)


Ocimum basilicum (Thai basil)

Family Name: Lamiaceae (Labiatae)
Common Name: Thai Basil


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Infraspecific Epithet
Common Names

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
Plant Growth Form Herbaceous Plant
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic
Maximum Height 30 cm to 45 cm

Description and Ethnobotany

Foliage The dark green, shiny leaves often have purple veins.
Stems The purple stem is square in cross-section.
Cultivation Thai Basil grows best in a sunny location with fertile, well-drained soil that is allowed to dry slightly before re-watering. Avoid getting the leaves wet when you water. Apply fish emulsion or seaweed solution about once a month. Thai Basil can also be grown indoors near a sunny window if it receives at least 6 hours of sunlight each day.
Ethnobotanical Uses Edible Plant Parts (Edible Leaves)
Food (Herb and Spice : Thai Basil is a popular herb for use in Thai, Vietnamese, Laotian and Cambodian cuisines. The leaves are often stir-fried with meat or added to Vietnamese beef soup (known as 'pho').)

Landscaping Features

Plant & Rootzone Preference - Tolerance Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
Landscape Uses Small Gardens, Interiorscape/ Indoor Plant, Container Planting
Thematic Landscaping Fragrant / Aromatherapy Garden, Economic Garden

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun, Semi-Shade
Water Preference Moderate Water

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower & Plant Sexuality 1 Bisexual Flowers

Image Repository



Master ID 32287
Species ID 6695
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 20 August 2021.