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Piper nigrum (Variegated)


Piper nigrum (Variegated)

Family Name: Piperaceae

A variegated Black Pepper (Piper nigrum) climber will be an interesting addition to any parks and gardens for its ornamental egg-shaped leaves with green and cream colour. This plant grows well under bright but indirect sun with moderate watering and can be propagated via seed or stem cutting.


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Infraspecific Epithet
Species Summary

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
Plant Growth Form Climber, Vine & Liana
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic
Maximum Height 3 m to 4.5 m
Maximum Plant Spread / Crown Width 3 m to 4.5 m


Native Habitat Terrestrial
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical
Local Conservation Status Non-native (Horticultural / Cultivated Only)

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form A woody climber with variegated leaves of green and cream to white.
Foliage Leaves are typically ovate (egg-shaped) to ovate-oblong (elongated egg shape), variegated with green and cream colour. 
Fruit Round fruits are botanically known as drupes (3-4 mm wide). Unripe fruits occur in cream, green and a mixture of both cream and green. They ripen to red and becomes black when dried. 

Landscaping Features

Landscaping Can be planted in containers, hanging baskets and trained on trellises.
Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Foliage
Landscape Uses Container Planting, Hanging Basket, Trellis / Arbour / Pergola

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun, Semi-Shade
Water Preference Moderate Water
Plant Growth Rate Moderate
Rootzone Tolerance Well-Drained Soils, Moist Soils
Pest(s) Sucking Insects
Propagation Method Seed, Stem Cutting


Foliage Retention Evergreen
Mature Foliage Colour(s) Cream / Off-White, Green, Patterned
Mature Foliage Texture(s) Smooth
Prominent Young Flush Colour(s) Green - Light Green, Cream / Off-White
Young Flush Texture(s) Smooth
Foliar Type Simple / Unifoliate
Foliar Arrangement Along Stem Alternate
Foliar Attachment to Stem Petiolate
Foliar Shape(s) Non-Palm Foliage (Ovate)
Foliar Venation Pinnate / Net
Foliar Margin Entire
Foliar Apex - Tip Acuminate
Foliar Base Rounded / Obtuse

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower & Plant Sexuality Unisexual Flowers , Monoecious
Flower Grouping Cluster / Inflorescence
Flower Location Terminal
Flower Symmetry Bilateral
Inflorescence Type Spike
Flowering Period Free-Flowering

Fruit, Seed and Spore

Mature Fruit Colour(s) Red
Mature Fruit Texture(s) Smooth
Mature Seed Colour(s) Cream / Off-White

Image Repository



Master ID 32450
Species ID 6862
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 27 September 2021.