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Thottea praetermissa


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Authority
Name Status (botanical)

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
Plant Growth Form Shrub
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic
Maximum Height 0.5 m to 1.3 m


Native Distribution Malaya
Native Habitat Terrestrial
Local Conservation Status Native to Singapore

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form Shrub, growing up to 1.3 m tall.
Foliage Bract-like reduced leaves and puberulent, with green above and pale green below the surface. Leaf shape is oblong or lanceolate, measuring 15–22 by 5–7.5 cm. The leaf base is cuneate, margin entire, apex acute or shortly mucronate.
Stems Stems are green, slender, erect and scarcely branched.
Flowers Inflorescence are found at the stem base, close to the ground level. Sometimes, a few younger inflorescences are on the stem well above the ground. Each flower is densely pubescent, dark maroon which opens to bright yellow when blooming. Flowers have unpleasant smell.
Fruit Capsules are 4-angled twisted pendent, ripening to brown.Measuring about 15 cm long and 4 mm thick, the fruits are densely puberulent. Seeds are ovoid and 3-angled with bumpy surface.
Habitat Found growing in lowland forest in heavily shaded undergrowth, on damp soil close to a freshwater swamp.
Etymology The species epithet praetermissa is from Latin, praetermissus which means overlooked, as it was not previously recognized as a distinct species.

Landscaping Features

Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Flowers

Fauna, Pollination and Dispersal

Fauna Pollination Dispersal Associated Fauna Butterfly-Attracting
Pollination Method(s) Biotic (Fauna) (Insects (Ant, Beetle, Fly, Thrip, Wasp))

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Shade, Semi-Shade
Water Preference Lots of Water
Plant Growth Rate Moderate
Rootzone Tolerance Moist Soils



Kiew, R. & al. (eds.) (2015). Flora of Peninsular Malaysia. Series II: Seed Plants, volume 5. Malayan Forest Records 49: 1-319.

Image Repository



Master ID 34007
Species ID 8423
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 31 March 2023.