Singapore Government Logo

A Singapore Government Agency Website

Plant diversity in Bukit Timah Nature Reserve

05 September 2019
Over the years, biodiversity surveys have been done in Bukit Timah Nature Reserve (BTNR) to document Singapore’s green treasures. 1250 plant species have since been recorded in BTNR (Ho, B.C. et al. 2019) in Singapore’s first Nature Reserve and researchers continue to find species new to science, species previously unknown in Singapore, and species thought to be extinct. Click here to read more about the latest flora survey results.

The science behind companion planting

22 July 2019
Gardeners have long known that some plants naturally repel insect pests and placing them near susceptible plants helps to protect them, also known as companion planting. Scientists examined one such pairing and found that French marigolds help protect tomato plants from glasshouse whiteflies. They determined that the marigolds emit a chemical called limonene in the air which repels but does not kill whiteflies.

First seeds grown on the Moon!

22 July 2019
Farming on the Moon may not be a fantasy anymore, as Chinese astronomers have successfully germinated cotton seeds inside a sealed biosphere, on the surface of the moon. In the past, plants were all grown on the International Space Station, but never on the Moon. This marks an important milestone as the ability to grow plants on the Moon can help in long-term space missions.

Trees Keep Cities Cool

22 July 2019
The cooling effect of a small forest in the city has the profound effect of cooling the environment. Summer daytime temperatures can be lowered by 3.4 degrees Celsius. Hard city surfaces take in heat from the sun in the day and gradually give off the heat in the night. Trees however not only shade those surfaces, they also release water into the air through transpiration, cooling the surroundings. The study showed that for maximum cooling benefit, the tree canopy cover must be greater than 40 percent of an area. This information is useful for city planners to develop more livable neighbourhoods.

A Naturally Caffeine-Free Tea

01 December 2018
A group of scientists has recently found a wild tea tree called Hongyacha in Fujian, China, which produces almost caffeine-free tea leaves. Tea is one of the world’s most popular drinks because of the distinctive flavor and stimulating effect of caffeine found in tea leaves. However, a cup of decaf tea is also popular among tea drinkers who want to limit their caffeine intake for some reason. Inevitably, the decaffeination process will remove certain amount of antioxidants and loss the original tea flavors. The naturally caffeine-free Hongyacha might be a potential alternative for decaf tea drinkers.