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Fort Canning Park


  1. The escalators at Jubilee Park, Fort Canning Park are closed off until further notice. You can still access Fort Canning Hill from the series of staircases at Jubilee Park and other park entrances.

Things To Do

  • Armenian Street

    Armenian Street Park

    Under a multi-agency project, part of Armenian Street was pedestrianised earlier 2019 to create a new park and public space for people and events, as part of larger plans to connect Fort Canning Park, Bras Basah, Bugis, and the Civic District together to form an expanded arts, cultural and heritage precinct. A planting scheme that relates to the site context creates synergies between the outdoors and the surrounding buildings, such as the Peranakan Museum and Armenian Church.

    Additionally, the main park parcel showcases plants in mobile planter boxes that represent the Peranakan culture. Visitors can find plant collections curated according to recipes (such as curries and Nyonya desserts), various uses in everyday life (flowers for hair adornments and plants used for potpourri), as well as their symbolic value (eg. Fingered Citron which symbolises happiness and longevity) to the Peranakans.

    The park has supporting amenities which cater to a series of regular events to further add vibrancy to the expanded arts, cultural and heritage precinct.

  • Artisans' Garden

    Artisan's Garden

    The Artisan’s Garden was once the site of the craftsmen’s workshop and living quarters in the 14th century. Craftsmen who enjoyed royal patronage lived and worked here, making fine goods for the residents on this hill.

    This ancient artisans’ workshop was also one of the few palatial areas open to non-royals. It was located here on the lower eastern slope to be accessible to commoners as other sides of the hill were surrounded by forests and salt marshes.

    Today, the space is one of the last archaeological dig sites that has been retained in Singapore. Visitors can explore the refreshed interpretive space to better appreciate what the site used to be, as well as learn about the archaeological excavations and their findings on Fort Canning. There is also a decked activity space which will regularly host archaeology-related workshops.

  • Farquhar Garden

    Farquhar Garden

    The Farquhar Garden is named after Major-General William Farquhar, the first British Resident and Commandant of Singapore. As a keen naturalist, Farquhar commissioned and compiled natural history drawings of the unique wildlife he encountered in the Malay Peninsula. In this garden, visitors are invited to explore and interact with some of the species that Farquhar found noteworthy through ‘living paintings’ in giant frames. Examples include guava, jujube, taro and gambier.

  • FBG

    First Botanic Garden

    Singapore’s first botanical and experimental garden, which was founded in 1822 and spanned 20 hectares, focused on growing spices and economic crops to boost Singapore’s economy. Nutmeg and clove were the primary crops grown here – at one time, the garden held over 600 nutmeg trees and 300 clove plants. Some of the other crops grown were Gambier, Pepper, Sugarcane, Coffee and Tea. The garden was closed in 1829, and the land was reallocated.

    This garden has been restored at the foot of Fort Canning Hill, near its original location. It stretches into the streetscapes between the hill and Bras Basah Road and features the crops introduced to Singapore in the early colonial era.

    There are five zones in the planting of the streetscapes:
    1. Latex & resin – Local communities utilised a variety of latex and resin long before rubber became an important crop.
    2. Timber – Tree species with useful timber and bark were cultivated in the garden in 1822
    3. Ornamental & fragrant trees – The first botanical garden was a popular sightseeing destination and was the closest thing in Singapore to a recreational park at the time.
    4. Forest fruits – Fruit trees such as durian, rambutan and duku were found on the hill suggesting that agriculture was practised before the arrival of Raffles, when fruit trees were typically grown in ancient royal gardens
    5. Coastal riverine – Coastal and riverine vegetation once grew along the area of the present-day Stamford Canal.

  • Jubilee Park Escalator

    Jubilee Park

    Jubilee Park sits on the western slope of Fort Canning Park, which used to host a range of recreational options for Singaporeans, such as River Valley Swimming Pool, Van Kleef Aquarium and the National Theatre in the 20th century. At one time, it also had play features such as swings. This green space at the foot of Fort Canning Hill has been restored as a family-friendly node where children can play with swings, see-saws, logs and slides hugging the hill slope. There is also space for outdoor art installations, performances and events.

    The next phase of enhancement has commenced to see the renovation of existing buildings at Foothills to accommodate gallery space and new F&B facilities.

  • Pancur Larangan

    Pancur Larangan (or the Forbidden Spring)

    A freshwater spring used to flow from the face of Fort Canning Hill at this location. In ancient times, it was known as Pancur Larangan, or the ‘Forbidden Spring’ as it was used as a bathing place by the noble ladies of the royal court of Singapura. This ancient bath, which would have been an important part of the palace, has been re-created in the 14th-century Javanese style.

    This garden features a commissioned mural wall handcrafted in natural volcanic rock which details life in Fort Canning Park from 14th century to the 19th century, as well as the socio-cultural influence of water in different eras. The mural wall is designed by Mr Eng Siak Loy.

  • Raffles Garden

    Raffles Garden

    This garden is named after Sir Stamford Raffles (1781–1826), the founder of modern Singapore. Whilst Raffles is most remembered for his public life in the former British colonies in Southeast Asia, he was also an avid naturalist, who spent his free time studying botany and wildlife.

    Inspired by his love for plants, the Raffles Garden showcases the diverse plant species that Raffles encountered in Southeast Asia. It includes species collected, studied or planted by Raffles and his fellow naturalists, some of whom were also his closest friends.

  • Sang Nila Utama Garden

    Sang Nila Utama Garden

    The Sang Nila Utama Garden is named after the first ancient king of Singapore and reimagines the Southeast Asian gardens of old. Such gardens were integral parts of palaces such as the one which stood on this hill in the 14th century. The garden has traditional features such as a symmetrical layout typical of these spaces, a series of Javanese split gates that mark the entrance of new zones/’realms’, and a reflective pool which can serve as a meditative refuge.

    Ornamentals such as Magnolias, Ixoras and perfume plants such as Gardenias, Vallaris are planted for their significance in ancient Javanese culture. Fruit trees such as Duku, Rambutan & Pomelo are planted too; John Crawfurd recorded seeing giant specimens of these when he first arrived at Fort Canning and concluded that they were likely cultivated by the earlier settlement that lived on the hill.

  • Spice Garden

    Spice Garden

    Raffles was inspired to start a spice plantation by the luxuriant growth of flora he saw around this hill. It was first situated near his residence at Government House and later moved to this area further down the hill.

    Raffles experimented with spices that he had collected from Bencoolen and inferred that the growth of abundant vegetation was made possible by the agreeable local climate and soil. Raffles’ small spice plantation here proved successful, leading him to later transform it into what was to become Singapore's first botanical garden.

    Here, the garden represents Raffles’ experiments by showcasing spice-inspired plantings in a series of cascading terraces and re-created plantations. Open spaces interspersed in the landscape also provide vantage points for photo opportunities.

    The Spice Garden will be further enhanced in the phase two development to include a gallery trail which will share about the importance of spices in Singapore’s history. This will be made possible with the generous support of Nomanbhoy & Sons Pte. Ltd., a spice trading company with over 100 years of history in Singapore.

  • Battlebox Fortress Plotting Room

    History and Heritage

    Visit the Battlebox which was a British command centre located 9 metres underground, built by Malaya Command in the 1930s. It was part of the headquarters of the army that defended Singapore during World War II. It was also the site where Lieutenant-General Arthur Percival made the fateful decision to surrender Singapore to the Japanese on 15 February 1942. Entrance fees apply.

  • Nutmeg

    Nature Walks

    Besides rich in heritage, Fort Canning Park also has interesting flora and fauna that you should try and spot. Explore the park and see what you can find, or tap on one of the do-it-yourself walking trail guides we have put together to help you explore the park.

  • Ear Pod Tree


    Fort Canning Park is rich in heritage and those who enjoy photographing pieces of history and heritage will enjoy roaming the park grounds.

  • Badang Terrace


    There are many places within Fort Canning Park that you can visit. Check out the Sally Port, ASEAN Sculpture Garden, Fort Canning Green (The Old Christian Cemetary), Spice Garden, Keramat Iskandar Shah, Archaeological Dig and Exhibition Area, Maritime Corner@Fort Canning, Parit Singapura and Princess Pond.

Last updated on 23 June 2022

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