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Hoya diversifolia


Hoya diversifolia Blume

Family Name: Apocynaceae
Common Name: Akar Kekapal, Akar Serapat, Akar Sesapat, Akar Sedudu Bukit, Caping Kera, 异叶球兰


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Authority
Name Status (botanical)
Common Names

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
Plant Growth Form Climber, Epiphyte
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic


Native Distribution Myanmar, Vietnam, Thailand, Cambodia, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Borneo, Java, and the Philippines
Native Habitat Terrestrial (Coastal Forest), Shoreline (Mangrove Forest)
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical
Local Conservation Status Native to Singapore (Vulnerable (VU))

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form Epiphytic climber, often forming a dense covering on trees branches on which they grow.
Foliage Its stalked leaves have very thick, and fleshy leaf blades that are elliptic-obovate, and are up to 13 by 6.4 cm.
Flowers 1–20 flowers develop in umbrella-shaped flowering clusters (inflorescence), star-shaped, cream or pink with pink centers, and are 0.8–1.3 cm wide.
Fruit Its fruits are follicles that would split open at one side when mature, and are up to 15 by 0.6 cm.
Habitat This species is tolerant of a wide range of habitats and can be found growing on mangrove or coastal trees. In Malaysia, this species can also be found growing on oil palm.
Associated Fauna Its flowers are insect-pollinated.
Cultivation It can be propagated by seed or stem cutting.
Etymology Latin Hoya, commemorates Thomas Hoy, a 18th century head gardener to the Duke of Northumberland at Syon House, Isleworth; Latin diversifolia, variable-leaved
Ethnobotanical Uses Others: Plant is used in Malay folk medicine (Kuala Kangsar, Peninsular Malaysia) - leaves are boiled in water and the decoction is used for hot baths to treat fevers and rheumatism.

Landscaping Features

Landscaping It is suitable for growing in parks, gardens and streetscapes, on trees or on trellises and pergolas.
Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Flowers, Fragrant
Landscape Uses Suitable for Hanging Baskets, Interiorscape/ Indoor Plant, General, Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens, Coastal, Beachfront / Shoreline, Vertical Greenery / Green Wall, Trellis / Arbour / Pergola

Fauna, Pollination and Dispersal

Pollination Method(s) Biotic (Fauna)
Seed or Spore Dispersal Abiotic

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Semi-Shade
Water Preference Little Water, Moderate Water, Occasional Misting
Plant Growth Rate Fast to Moderate
Rootzone Tolerance Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Saline Soils / Salt Spray, Fertile Loamy Soils, Easy to Grow
Propagation Method Seed, Stem Cutting


Foliage Retention Evergreen
Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Mature Foliage Texture(s) Leathery, Thick
Foliar Type Simple / Unifoliate
Foliar Arrangement Along Stem Opposite
Foliar Attachment to Stem Petiolate
Foliar Shape(s) Non-Palm Foliage (Obovate, Elliptical)
Foliar Margin Entire

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower & Plant Sexuality Bisexual Flowers
Flower Colour(s) Pink
Flower Texture(s) Velvety / Furry / Tomentose
Flower Grouping Cluster / Inflorescence
Flower Location Axillary
Flower Symmetry Radial
Flowering Opening Time Time-Independent
Flower Lifespan on Plant Several Days

Fruit, Seed and Spore

Mature Fruit Colour(s) Brown
Fruit Classification Simple Fruit
Fruit Type Dehiscent Dry Fruit , Follicle

Image Repository



Master ID 117
Species ID 1413
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 03 August 2022.