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Pandanus tectorius cultivar


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Infraspecific Epithet
Name Status (botanical)
Common Names

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Monocotyledon)
Plant Growth Form Shrub, Tree (Small (6m-15m))
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic
Maximum Height 4 m to 14 m


Preferred Climate Zone Tropical

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form It is a large, branching woody shrub or a small tree, up to 14 m tall.
Trunk Its trunk is covered with sharp conical prickles.
Roots It develops many prop and stilt roots from the bottom of the trunk or the side branches.
Foliage Its long, linear leaves are about 4-8 cm wide and 80-180 cm long, with numerous spines along the edges and the underside of the midrib. The leaves are pleated, having a 'V' cross-section, and are spirally arranged in clusters at the tips of the branches. Normally, the leaves would be green in colour, however this cultivar has variegated leaves, with yellow or yellowish-white streaks running along the edges of the leaves, giving the plant a golden look.
Flowers This species is dioecious, bearing male and female flowers on separate plants. The male flowers are small, white and fragrant, borne on a raceme which is subtended by a large, white bract. The female flowers are borne on a globose to subglobose flowering head.
Fruits Its oval-shaped fruit is a multiple fruit which resembles a pineapple, about 4-20 cm wide and 8-30 cm long. It ripens from green to orange. Each individual segment (or fruitlet), is a wedge-shaped drupe (sometimes also known as 'key') that is fibrous and buoyant.
Cultivation It can be propagated by seed or rooted stem cuttings.
Etymology Latin Pandanus, from the Malayan name 'pandang' which refers to the screw pine. Latin tectorius, referring to rooftops or growing on rooftops or tiles, a reference to which is unknown.
Ethnobotanical Uses Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits)
Food (Fruit & Vegetable : Cultivated varieties that have lower amounts of calcium oxalate crystals in the fruits are selected for consumption. The fruits are eaten raw or cooked.)
Medicinal ( The young leaves are used to treat boils and other ailments in folk medicine.)
Timber & Products ( The trunks are used to build houses, ladders, hard pillows, vases, fish traps, and is also a source of glue for canoes. They can also be used as firewood, dyes and other handicraft.)
[Others]: The leaves are used as roof and wall thatches. They are also woven to make various handicraft items such as baskets, bags, mats, fans, and pillows.

Landscaping Features

Landscaping It is suitable for growing in large parks and gardens and also along roadsides for its attractive variegated leaves, orange fruits and fragrant flowers. The prop roots and fountain-form from the leaves also add variation to the landscape. It is also a highly versatile plant, being able to grow in dry soils as well as waterlogged areas. It is also resistant to salt sprays and saline soils.
Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Foliage, Ornamental Fruits, Fragrant (Flowers)
Plant & Rootzone Preference - Tolerance Dry Soils / Drought, Moist Soils, Waterlogged Soils, Saline Soils / Salt Spray, Fertile Loamy Soils, Easy to Grow
Landscape Uses Coastal, General, Roadside Tree / Palm, Parks & Gardens, Beachfront / Shoreline, Riverine, Pond / Lake / River, Marsh / Bog, Focal Plant
Thematic Landscaping Golden Garden, Naturalistic Garden, Water Garden, Marsh Garden

Fauna, Pollination and Dispersal

Seed or Spore Dispersal Abiotic

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Semi-Shade, Full Sun
Water Preference Little Water, Lots of Water, Moderate Water
Plant Growth Rate Moderate
Transplanting Tolerance Good
Maintenance Requirements Moderate
Propagation Method Seed, Stem Cutting


Foliage Retention Evergreen
Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green, Yellow / Golden
Foliar Type Simple / Unifoliate
Foliar Arrangement Along Stem Spiral
Foliar Attachment to Stem Sessile
Foliar Shape(s) Non-Palm Foliage (Linear)
Foliar Venation Parallel
Foliar Margin Serrate / Toothed
Leaf Area Index (LAI) for Green Plot Ratio 3.5 (Shrub & Groundcover - Monocot)

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower & Plant Sexuality 1 Unisexual Flowers
Flower & Plant Sexuality 2 Dioecious
Flower Colour(s) Cream / Off-White
Flower Grouping Cluster / Inflorescence
Inflorescence Type Raceme, Compound Head / Capitulum

Fruit, Seed and Spore

Mature Fruit Colour(s) - Angiosperms and Gymnosperms Orange
Fruit Classification Multiple Fruit
Fruit Type 1 Fleshy Fruit
Fruit Type 2 Non-Accessory Fruit

Image Repository



Master ID 1009
Species ID 2303
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 14 October 2021.