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Strobilanthes dyerianus Mast.

Family Name: Acanthaceae
Synonyms: Perilepta dyeriana, Strobilanthes auriculata var. dyeriana
Common Name: Persian Shield, Burma Conehead
Semi Shade Moderate Water Butterfly Host Plant Ornamental Flowers Ornamental Leaves Shrub


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Authority
Name Status (botanical)
Common Names

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
Plant Growth Form Shrub
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic
Plant Shape Shrubby
Maximum Height 0.9 m to 1.2 m
Maximum Plant Spread / Crown Width 0.6 m to 0.9 m


Native Distribution Myanmar
Native Habitat Terrestrial
Preferred Climate Zone Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal, Tropical
Local Conservation Status Exotic

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form Erect herbaceous plant, able to grow up to 0.5 - 1 m tall and 0.5 m wide.
Foliage Leaves variegated with shimmering shades of purple, green and silver, with completely purple underneath, ovate-lanceolate in shape and measuring up to 20 cm long.
Stems Stems are squarish in cross-section.
Flowers Purple, 5-lobed funnel-shaped flowers are arranged in short cone-like infloresences.
Associated Fauna Grey Pansy (Junonia atlites)
Cultivation Ideal as bedding plant for lining borders and corners that enjoy morning or afternoon sun. Tip-prune to promote bushy growth and minimize legginess.
Etymology Genus Strobilanthes is derived from two Greek words  - "strobilos"which means cone and  "anthos" which means flower, and refers to the plant's inflorescence. Species dyerianus is named after Sir William Thistleton-Dyer (1843 - 1928) of the Science Schools Building, London.

Landscaping Features

Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Foliage, Ornamental Flowers
Plant & Rootzone Preference - Tolerance Fertile Loamy Soils, Well-Drained Soils
Landscape Uses Container Planting, General, Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens
Thematic Landscaping Naturalistic Garden
SGMP Treatment
Species record last updated on: 14 October 2021.