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Magnolia (DC.) Figlar × alba

Family Name: Magnoliaceae
Synonyms: Michelia × alba
Common Name: White Chempaka, Cempaka Putih, White Champaca, Chempaka Puteh, Chempak
Full Sun: 6-8h Moderate Water Caterpillar Food Plant Roadside Tree / Palm Fragrant Ornamental Flowers Tree


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Infraspecific Epithet
Name Authority
Name Status (botanical)
Common Names

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Growth Form Tree (Medium (16m-30m))
Maximum Height 30 m


Native Distribution Java

Description and Ethnobotany

Foliage Leaves are simple, elliptical, in alternate arrangement. They are yellowish green in colour, with white spots on both young stems and petioles.
Flowers Has waxy, long and narrow tepals surrounding the green pistil. Flowers are white or cream in colour, about 5cm in diameter. They are strongly scented, especially after dark. The flowers retain their fragrance even after being picked.
Others - Plant Morphology An evergreen medium-sized tree, shown to be growing relatively fast under local conditions. Able to reach a height of 30m given optimal conditions. Trunk has smooth and silvery grey bark. A hybrid of M. champaca L. and M. montana Blume. Propagation:Propagated by air-layering, from seeds or cuttings. Seeds require scarification before sowing. Fresh seeds have to be collected from naturally ripened fruits, and sown immediately as they rapidly lose viability.
Cultivation Prefers sandy and well-drained soil. Like most tropical members of the Magnoliaceae family, it grows best in acidic soil, from pH6.5 down to as acidic as pH5.6. It requires full sun and moderate watering, and does not tolerate over-watering.

Landscaping Features

Desirable Plant Features Fragrant, Ornamental Flowers
Landscape Uses Roadside Tree / Palm

Fauna, Pollination and Dispersal

Fauna Pollination Dispersal Associated Fauna Caterpillar Food Plant

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun
Water Preference Moderate Water


Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Leaf Area Index (LAI) for Green Plot Ratio 3.0 (Tree - Intermediate Canopy)

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower Colour(s) White

Image Repository



Master ID 1731
Species ID 3024
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 20 April 2020.