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Magnolia elegans


Magnolia elegans (Blume) H. Keng

Family Name: Magnoliaceae


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Authority
Name Status (botanical)

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
Plant Growth Form Tree
Maximum Height 53 m


Native Distribution Sumatra, Southern Thailand through Malaysia, Singapore, the Philippines, Indonesia, and Brunei to Papua New Guinea
Native Habitat Terrestrial
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical
Local Conservation Status Native to Singapore (Critically Endangered (CR))

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form It is a tree up to 53 m tall. Ring-like, stipular scars at the attachment of the leaves are also found on its brown or blackish-brown twigs.
Foliage Its spirally arranged or alternate, stalked leaves have hairless leaf blades that are usually narrowly oval, glossy green, and 7.5–27 by 3–8 cm, with its nerves meeting in a looped intramarginal vein.
Flowers Its flowers have up to 36 tepals. The four, outer tepals are light yellowish-green, while the remaining ones are white.
Fruits Its fruits are oval to circular and up to 5–7 by 3–5 cm.
Habitat It commonly grows in lowland rainforest.
Cultivation It can be propagated by seed.
Etymology Latin Magnolia, commemorating Pierre Magnol (1638–1715), a French professor of botany; Latin elegans, elegant, the reference to which is unknown.

Landscaping Features

Landscape Uses Parks & Gardens

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun
Water Preference Moderate Water
Plant Growth Rate Moderate
Propagation Method Seed


Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower Colour(s) Cream / Off-White, Green - Light Green, Yellow / Golden


References Nooteboom, H. P.. 1988. Magnoliaceae. Flora Malesiana, Series I. 10: 561−606

Image Repository



Master ID 29397
Species ID 3706
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 22 February 2022.