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Aglaia korthalsii Miq.

Family Name: Meliaceae
Full Sun: 6-8h Moderate Water Fruit & Vegetable Ornamental Flowers Tree

Name

Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Authority
Name Status (botanical)
Comments

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
Plant Growth Form Tree (Medium (16m-30m))
Maximum Height 26 m

Biogeography

Native Distribution From India, Buthan, Indo-China, Burma and Thailand to the Moluccas.
Native Habitat Terrestrial

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form Aglaia korthalsii is a tree, up to 26 m tall.  
Foliage Leaves are compound and comprises of leaflets (8 - 27 cm long and 3 – 8 cm wide) with unequal leaf base. Petiole is 7 – 12 cm long and is covered in shiny reddish brown scales. Such scales are also found on the leaf axis and twigs.
Flowers Inflorescences occur on leaf axils or old branches. Male inflorescence (up to 30 cm long and wide) is longer and many flowered compared to female inflorescence. Flower (about 1.5 - 2 mm long and 1.6-2.5 mm wide) comprises of 5 petal, 5-lobed calyx which may be covered in scales similar to the twigs.
Fruits Infructescence (up to 17 cm long and 14 cm wide) comprises of up to 15 fruits. Each fruit is almost round (2 - 4 cm long, 1 - 3.5 cm wide), and densely covered in orange-brown peltate scales which have  ellipsoid or subglobose, orange, densely covered with orange-brown peltate scales which have a fringed margin.  Mature fruit break open along the ridge on the fruit wall when external pressure is applied. Fruit contains 1 – 3 seeds. Seed is elliptic (1.5 - 2 cm long and 1-1.5 cm wide) and covered in fleshy yellowish orange aril.
Similar Aglaia korthalsii is similar to A. speciosa but differ by having 5 larger leaflets, less hairs and the appearance of the fruits. A. korthalsii and A. elliptica also shares many similarities, but differ by having peltate scales in A. korthalsii, while A. elliptica have stellate scales.  
Ethnobotanical Uses Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits)
Food (Fruit & Vegetable)
[Others]: Orange aril is edible and have a bittersweet tasting.  

Landscaping Features

Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Flowers, Ornamental Fruits
Plant & Rootzone Preference - Tolerance Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
Landscape Uses General, Parks & Gardens

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun
Water Preference Moderate Water
Plant Growth Rate Moderate
Propagation Method Seed

Foliar

Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower Colour(s) Yellow / Golden
Flower Grouping Cluster / Inflorescence

Fruit, Seed and Spore

Mature Fruit Colour(s) - Angiosperms and Gymnosperms Orange

Image Repository

Images

Others

Master ID 29200
Species ID 3509
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 29 November 2021.
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