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Selaginella kraussiana 'Brownii'


Selaginella kraussiana 'Brownii'

Family Name: Selaginellaceae
Synonyms: Selaginella kraussianum 'Brownii'
Common Name: Krauss' Spikemoss, Pin-Cushion Spikemoss, Emerald Isle Spikemoss, Scotch Moss, Compact Spikemoss


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Infraspecific Epithet
Common Names

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Ferns & Lycophytes (Non-Seed Vascular Plants)
Plant Growth Form Herbaceous Plant
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic
Plant Shape Compact
Maximum Height 0.05 m to 0.10 m
Maximum Plant Spread / Crown Width 0.1 m to 0.2 m

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form Fern relative, perennial herbaceous shrub, up to 10cm height, with low mounding habit, forming dense creeping mats or compact cushions. Mounding habit more distinct in young plants. 2-stage life cycle, includes tiny gametophytes (originating from spores) and spore-bearing sporophytes (ie. the plant). Differentiated from the species form which grows as loose diffuse mats.
Foliage Microphylls (very small leaves) elliptical, scale-like, shiny green with papery texture.
Stems Reddish brown, creeping, stringy, very short and much branched, resulting in compact whorled foliage.
Others - Plant Morphology Strobili: Fertile parts not observed.
Cultivation Prefers bright shade and rich acidic soils that are moist but well-drained. Do not let soil dry out in between watering, or sit plant in constantly waterlogged condiitons which can cause crown rot. Likes high humidity -- mist occasionally, and enclose plant within terrarium if used in air-conditioned areas. Overly-low humidity makes plant prone to browning or leaf-scald. Slower-growing than other cultivars of this species -- do not grow beside more vigorous plants to prevent it from being swamped. Propagate by leafy stem cuttings, layering, division and spores.
Etymology Genus epithet 'Selaginella' is diminuitve of Selago, a flowering plant with fine moss-like foliage. Species epithet 'kraussiana' named after German naturalist, plant collector and museum director, Christian Ferdinand Friedrich von Krauss (1812-1890), who travelled to South Africa and collected 2,308 species, of which 340 species and 34 genera were new to science.

Landscaping Features

Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Foliage
Landscape Uses Interiorscape/ Indoor Plant, Flowerbed / Border, Suitable for Bonsai, Terrarium, Container Planting
Thematic Landscaping Naturalistic Garden

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Semi-Shade, Full Shade
Water Preference Lots of Water, Occasional Misting
Plant Growth Rate Slow
Rootzone Tolerance Fertile Loamy Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Waterlogged Soils (Drains Site), Acidic (low pH) Soils, Shallow Media
Diseases Crown rot in waterlogged soils
Propagation Method Stem Cutting, Division
Maintenance Requirements Remarks Do not let soil dry out
Propagation Method Remarks Spores, Layeringf


Foliage Retention Evergreen
Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Mature Foliage Texture(s) Smooth, Glossy / Shiny, Papery, Thin
Foliar Shape(s) Non-Palm Foliage (Elliptical)
Foliar Margin Entire
Foliar Apex - Tip Acute
Foliar Base Rounded / Obtuse
Typical Foliar Area Nanophyll ( 0.25cm2 - 2.25 cm2 )

Non - Foliar and Storage

Stem Type & Modification Herbaceous
Root Type Underground (Fibrous Root)

Image Repository



Master ID 29443
Species ID 3752
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 13 June 2024.