Singapore Government Logo

A Singapore Government Agency Website

Durio griffithii


Durio griffithii (Mast.) Bakh.

Family Name: Malvaceae
Common Name: Griffith's Durian, Squirrel's Durian, Durian Burong, Durian Tupai


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Authority
Name Status (botanical)
Common Names

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
Plant Growth Form Tree (Medium (16m-30m))
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic
Plant Shape Irregular
Maximum Height 30 m


Native Distribution Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, and Borneo
Native Habitat Terrestrial
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical
Local Conservation Status Native to Singapore (Endangered (EN))

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form It is a small tree up to 18 m tall.
Foliage Its alternate, stalked leaves have papery to thinly leathery leaf blades that are oval, and 7-22 by 2.5-9 cm. Its leaves are covered with whitish hair and scattered coppery brown scales below.
Flowers Its flowers are 1.9-2.5 cm wide, and found singly or in a cluster of a few flowers in the leaf axils, or on twigs behind the leaves. They are yellowish-white or greenish-white, and turn orange.
Fruit Its orangy-red fruits are ellipsoid or narrowly oblong, about 3.8-7.6 cm long, and densely covered with spines. Its glossy black, triangular seeds have a little orange pulp at the base.
Habitat It grows on sandy soil and limestone, in forests, along rivers, and on hillsides up to 500 m altitude.
Associated Fauna Its flowers are pollinated by bats.
Cultivation It can be propagated by seed.
Etymology Latin Durio, from the Malay name durian; Latin griffithii, commemorating W. Griffith (1810-1845), a doctor and botanist who resided in India and Malacca, Peninsular Malaysia
Ethnobotanical Uses Timber & Products: It is a source of timber.

Landscaping Features

Landscaping It may be suitable for parks.
Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Fruits
Landscape Uses General, Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens, Riverine
Thematic Landscaping Naturalistic Garden

Fauna, Pollination and Dispersal

Fauna Pollination Dispersal Associated Fauna Bat Food
Pollination Method(s) Biotic (Fauna)
Seed or Spore Dispersal Biotic (Fauna)

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun, Semi-Shade
Water Preference Moderate Water
Plant Growth Rate Moderate
Rootzone Tolerance Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
Maintenance Requirements Moderate
Propagation Method Seed


Foliage Retention Evergreen
Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Mature Foliage Texture(s) Papery, Leathery, Thin
Foliar Type Simple / Unifoliate
Foliar Arrangement Along Stem Alternate
Foliar Attachment to Stem Petiolate
Foliar Shape(s) Non-Palm Foliage (Oval)
Foliar Venation Pinnate / Net
Foliar Margin Entire
Mature Foliage Colour(s) Remarks Whitish to coppery brown on the underside.

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower Colour(s) Cream / Off-White, Orange
Flower Grouping Solitary, Cluster / Inflorescence
Flower Location Axillary
Flower Symmetry Radial

Fruit, Seed and Spore

Mature Fruit Colour(s) Orange, Pink, Red
Mature Fruit Texture(s) Bristly, Thorny / Spiny
Fruit Classification Simple Fruit
Fruit Type

Image Repository



Master ID 29672
Species ID 3981
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 27 April 2022.