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Durio testudinarius


Durio testudinarius Becc.

Family Name: Malvaceae
Common Name: Kura Kura, Luyian Beramatai


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Authority
Name Status (botanical)
Common Names

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
Plant Growth Form Tree (Medium (16m-30m))
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic
Plant Shape Irregular
Maximum Height 25 m


Native Distribution Borneo
Native Habitat Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest)
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical
Local Conservation Status Non-native (Horticultural / Cultivated Only)

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form It is a medium sized tree, up to 25 m tall.
Trunk Its trunk can reach up to 40 cm in diameter.
Roots The buttress roots are low and rounded.
Foliage Its stalked, alternate leaves are elliptic, leathery, green on the top surface covered with minute scales on the under surface which gives it a shiny, metallic bronze look, 19-26 cm long and 6-9 cm wide.
Flowers Its white tubular flowers are borne on short inflorescences that are at the bottom of the trunk.
Fruit Its fruits are rounded, 5-lobed capsules that are greenish-yellow and covered with conical spines, 10-15 cm in diameter. Each seed is covered with a yellow aril.
Habitat It grows in lowland mixed dipterocarp forests.
Associated Fauna Its fruits are probably eaten by small mammals.
Cultivation It can be propagated by seed.
Ethnobotanical Uses Edible Plant Parts : Edible Fruits

Landscaping Features

Landscaping It is suitable for growing in parks and gardens for its edible fruits and attractive leaves.
Landscape Uses Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens

Fauna, Pollination and Dispersal

Pollination Method(s) Biotic (Fauna)
Seed or Spore Dispersal Biotic (Fauna)

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun, Semi-Shade
Water Preference Moderate Water
Plant Growth Rate Moderate
Rootzone Tolerance Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
Maintenance Requirements Low


Foliage Retention Evergreen
Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Mature Foliage Texture(s) Leathery
Foliar Type Simple / Unifoliate
Foliar Arrangement Along Stem Alternate
Foliar Attachment to Stem Petiolate
Foliar Shape(s) Non-Palm Foliage (Elliptical)
Foliar Venation Pinnate / Net
Foliar Margin Entire

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower & Plant Sexuality Bisexual Flowers
Flower Colour(s) White
Flower Grouping Cluster / Inflorescence
Flower Location Cauliflorous
Individual Flower Shape Tubular

Fruit, Seed and Spore

Mature Fruit Colour(s) Green, Green - Light Green
Mature Fruit Texture(s) Thorny / Spiny
Fruit Classification Simple Fruit
Fruit Type

Image Repository



Master ID 31330
Species ID 5727
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 09 December 2022.