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Calophyllum ferrugineum var. ferrugineum


Calophyllum ferrugineum Ridl. var. ferrugineum

Family Name: Calophyllaceae


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Infraspecific Epithet
Name Authority
Name Status (botanical)

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
Plant Growth Form Tree
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic
Maximum Height 30 m


Native Distribution Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Riau Archipelago, and northern Borneo
Native Habitat Terrestrial
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical
Local Conservation Status Native to Singapore (Least Concern (LC))

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form It is a medium-sized tree up to 30 m tall.
Foliage Its opposite, stalked leaves have stiffly leathery leaf blades that are oblong to elliptic, and 3–15 by 2–5 cm. The upper surfaces of its leaf blades are sometimes covered with a slight grey bloom, while the undersides are sometimes hairless or covered with dense, red hairs.
Flowers Its white, stalked flowers are borne on a usually unbranched, up to 8 cm-long, flowering shoot from the axils of the leaves.
Fruits Its greenish or whitish fruits are egg-shaped or ovoid, up to 3 cm long, and pointed. Its seed is egg-shaped to oval, and 0.8–1.5 cm wide.
Associated Fauna Its flowers are insect-pollinated.
Etymology Greek kalos, beautiful; Greek phyllon, a leaf, referring to the plant’s beautifully-veined leaf blades; Latin ferrugineum, rust-coloured, referring to the colour of the plant’s hairs

Landscaping Features

Landscape Uses Reforestation

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun, Semi-Shade
Water Preference Moderate Water
Plant Growth Rate Moderate


Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Mature Foliage Texture(s) Leathery

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower Colour(s) White

Fruit, Seed and Spore

Mature Fruit Colour(s) - Angiosperms and Gymnosperms Green, White

Image Repository



Master ID 32090
Species ID 6496
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 07 March 2023.