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Ocimum basilicum 'Salad Leaf'

Family Name: Lamiaceae (Labiatae)
Full Sun: 6-8h Semi-Shade Moderate Water Herb & Spice Herbaceous


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Infraspecific Epithet

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
Plant Growth Form Herbaceous Plant

Description and Ethnobotany

Foliage Compared to other cultivars of basil, 'Salad Leaf' has unusually large leaves which are ovate to elliptic (10 cm long). The leaf surface is very wrinkled and the leaf margin is lined with minute teeth that are widely spaced apart.
Flowers White, tubular flowers are arranged in spikes. The leafy bracts surrounding the flowers are sparsely covered in long, white hairs, especially along the margin.
Fruits Dry, indehiscent fruits are known as nutlets.
Cultivation When plants are 15-20 cm tall, pinch the stem tips to help the plants become bushy. Remove the inflorescences as they form to promote leafy growth. It is important to fertilize regularly and keep the soil loose for good drainage. Leaves are best harvested by cutting the stem slightly above where 2 lateral branches have formed and are growing. 
Ethnobotanical Uses Edible Plant Parts (Edible Leaves)
Food (Herb and Spice : The leaves have a mild basil flavour which is somewhat buttery. They can be used as salad greens or a substitute for lettuce in sandwiches. They make nice appetizers when used as a wrapper to eat with cheese or ham. )

Landscaping Features

Plant & Rootzone Preference - Tolerance Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
Landscape Uses Container Planting
Thematic Landscaping Economic Garden

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun, Semi-Shade
Water Preference Moderate Water
Propagation Method Seed, Stem Cutting


Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Mature Foliage Texture(s) Bulging in between Veins
Foliar Type Simple / Unifoliate
Foliar Arrangement Along Stem Opposite
Foliar Attachment to Stem Petiolate
Foliar Shape(s) Non-Palm Foliage (Ovate, Elliptical)
Foliar Venation Pinnate / Net
Foliar Margin Serrate / Toothed
Foliar Apex - Tip Acute
Foliar Base Rounded / Obtuse

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower & Plant Sexuality 1 Bisexual Flowers
Flower Colour(s) White
Flower Grouping Cluster / Inflorescence
Flower Location Terminal
Flower Symmetry Bilateral
Individual Flower Shape Labiate / Lipped

Fruit, Seed and Spore

Fruit Classification Simple Fruit
Fruit Type 1 Indehiscent Dry Fruit
Fruit Type 2 Nut / Nutlet

Image Repository



Master ID 32231
Species ID 6639
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 20 August 2021.