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Capsicum annuum (purple capsicum)


Capsicum annuum (purple capsicum)

Family Name: Solanaceae


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Infraspecific Epithet

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
Plant Growth Form Shrub
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial, Semi-Annual / Annual-Like


Native Distribution Of horticultural origin
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical, Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal, Temperate
Local Conservation Status Non-native (Horticultural / Cultivated Only)

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form It is an erect shrub grows about 0.5 m tall.
Foliage Its leaves are ovate.
Flowers Its flowers are white and star-shaped.
Fruit Its fruit are bell-shaped, turning purple when mature.
Ethnobotanical Uses Edible Plant Parts : Edible Fruits
Food (Fruit or Vegetable): The fruit can be eaten raw in salad or cooked. (Herb or Spice)

Landscaping Features

Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Fruits
Landscape Uses Small Gardens, Container Planting

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun
Water Preference Moderate Water
Rootzone Tolerance Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
Propagation Method Seed


Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Foliar Type Simple / Unifoliate

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower Colour(s) White

Fruit, Seed and Spore

Mature Fruit Colour(s) Purple
Mature Fruit Texture(s) Glossy / Shiny
Mature Seed Colour(s) White

Image Repository



Master ID 32686
Species ID 7098
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 20 August 2021.