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Hanguana rubinea

Family Name: Hanguanaceae
Semi Shade Moderate Water Native to Singapore Herbaceous Plant


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Monocotyledon)
Plant Growth Form Herbaceous Plant
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial


Native Distribution Singapore
Native Habitat Terrestrial
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical
Local Conservation Status Native to Singapore (Critically Endangered (CR))

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form It is a herbaceous plant which grows about 1.5 tall.
Foliage Leaves grow up to 165 cm tall. The leaf blade is narrowly elliptic with attenuate base and elongated tip (65-95 cm long).
Fruits The fruit are 0.9-1 cm in diameter, borne on erect fruiting stalk up to 50 cm tall. The fruit ripen from bright green through creamy-white to dark pink-red or ruby-red and the pulp exudes yellow juice when disturbed.
Habitat It grows in primary or partially disturbed primary lowland forest on slopes or near small/ seasonal streams.
Etymology The specific epithet 'rubinea' is derived from the ruby-red color of the ripe fruit.

Landscaping Features

Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Fruits
Plant & Rootzone Preference - Tolerance Moist Soils
Landscape Uses Parks & Gardens

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Semi-Shade
Water Preference Moderate Water
Propagation Method Seed


Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Mature Foliage Texture(s) Leathery

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower Grouping Cluster / Inflorescence

Fruit, Seed and Spore

Mature Fruit Colour(s) - Angiosperms and Gymnosperms Red
Seed Quantity Per Fruit Few (1-5)


References J. Leong-Škorničková & P.C. Boyce. 2015. Hanguana in Singapore demystified: an overview with description of three new species and a new record. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore. 67. 1. 1-28

Image Repository



Master ID 32826
Species ID 7239
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 15 August 2022.