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Euphorbia ritchiei (variegated)

Family Name: Euphorbiaceae
Semi-Shade Little Water Interiorscape / Indoor Plant Succulent Plant


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Infraspecific Epithet

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
Plant Growth Form Succulent Plant
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic
Maximum Height 0.3 m


Native Distribution Of horticultural origin.

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form Clump-forming succulent up to 0.3 m tall.
Roots The roots form thick tubers which help to store food.
Foliage The fleshy leaves are obovate to elliptical and clustered at the stem tip. The leaves emerge singly from the tubercles near the stem tip. The cream-coloured venation is prominent, being lighter in colour than the rest of the leaf blade. Young foliage is tinted with a light brown colour.  
Stems The cylindrical stem is composed of broadly conical tubercles stacked on top of each other. The tubercles are mostly yellow with dark green stripes. The tubercles near the stem tip are armed with a few, short prickles.
Flowers The bright pink inflorescence, known as a cyathium, resembles a U-shaped flower. The cyathia are produced in small clusters near the stem tip.
Habitat The species Euphorbia ritchiei is found on rocky slopes in Eastern Africa and Kenya at an elevation of 1300 m above sea level.
Taxonomy A synonym for this plant is Monadenium ritchiei (variegated).
Cultivation This succulent grows best in light shade and well-drained soil.

Landscaping Features

Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Stems
Plant & Rootzone Preference - Tolerance Well-Drained Soils
Landscape Uses Interiorscape/ Indoor Plant, Container Planting
Thematic Landscaping Rockery / Desert Garden
Usage Hazard - Cons Spines/Thorns - Stem/Branch

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Semi-Shade
Water Preference Little Water
Propagation Method Stem Cutting


Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Mature Foliage Texture(s) Smooth
Prominent Young Flush Colour(s) Brown
Young Flush Texture(s) Smooth
Foliar Type Simple / Unifoliate
Foliar Attachment to Stem Petiolate
Foliar Shape(s) Non-Palm Foliage (Obovate, Elliptical)
Foliar Venation Pinnate / Net
Foliar Margin Serrulate
Foliar Apex - Tip Mucronate
Foliar Base Cuneate

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower Colour(s) Pink
Flower Texture(s) Smooth
Flower Grouping Cluster / Inflorescence
Flower Location Terminal
Inflorescence Type Cyathium
Flowering Habit Polycarpic

Image Repository



Master ID 32993
Species ID 7407
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 16 October 2020.