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Ficus hispida L.f.

Family Name: Moraceae
Full Sun: 6-8h Semi-Shade Moderate Water Tree

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Genus Epithet
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Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
Plant Growth Form Tree
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic
Maximum Height 15 m

Biogeography

Native Distribution Sri Lanka to India, S China, Andaman Islands, Australia (Queensland), and Malesia
Native Habitat Terrestrial
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form Ficus hispida is a shrub or tree up to 15 m tall.
Foliage Branches are covered in brownish to whitish hairs. Petiole (1 – 14 cm long) usually have pairs of waxy glands at the nodes of the base. Epidermis of branches and petiole are often peeling. Leaves are mostly oppositely or sub-oppositely arranged, and can be spirally arranged. They are oblong to elliptic (5 – 35 cm long and 2.5 – 16 cm wide) with acuminate apex, cuneate to heart-shaped base and toothed margin. It has 4 – 10 pairs of lateral veins, and small waxy glands can be found on the middle lateral veins’ axis. Cystoliths are present on the underside of the leaves.
Fruits Figs can occurs axillary or in bunches on slender shoots coming from the tree trunk. These shoots can be up to 1.5 m long. Fig is almost round (1.5 – 2.5 cm diameter) and turns from green to yellow as it ripens. Peduncle is 0.5 –3.5 cm long) and 3 basal bracts are present.
Habitat It grows along rivers and forest edges.
Associated Fauna Figs are pollinated by Ceratosolen solmsi marchali and observed to be dispersed by lesser short-nosed fruit bat (Cynopterus brachyotis), greater short-nosed fruit bat (Cynopterus sphinx), and Leschenault’s rousette (Rousettus leschenaultii)
Ethnobotanical Uses [Others]: It is cultivated in India for its medicinal properties such as antidiarrheal purpose. In Nepal, it is used as food fodder for animals, while in Thailand, the rough leaves are used to scraping off eel’s sticky texture before cooking.

Fauna, Pollination and Dispersal

Pollination Method(s) Biotic (Fauna)
Seed or Spore Dispersal Biotic (Fauna)

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun, Semi-Shade
Water Preference Moderate Water

Foliar

Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Mature Foliage Texture(s) Papery

Fruit, Seed and Spore

Mature Fruit Colour(s) - Angiosperms and Gymnosperms Yellow / Golden

References

References Berg, C. C. & E. J. H. Corner. 2005. Ficus subgenus Ficus. Flora Malesiana, Series I. 17(2): 71–136

Corner, E.J.H. 1988. Wayside Trees of Malaya Volume 1 & 2. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: The Malayan Nature Society. 861

Kochummen, K. M. & R. Go. 2000. Moraceae. Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak. 3: 181–334

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Master ID 33648
Species ID 8062
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 26 August 2021.
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