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Globba leucantha var. peninsularis


Globba leucantha var. peninsularis Holttum

Family Name: Zingiberaceae
Synonyms: Globba leucantha Miq. var. leucantha auct.
Common Name: Meroyan Berok

Globba leucantha var. peninsularis is a critically endangered ginger native to Singapore. It has dark green, glossy leaves that are deeply veined, creating a rippled texture, and a silvery or purplish underside. The petite, white, orchid-like flower has an attractive, upside-down fishhook structure which bears and receives pollen. It grows best in semi-shade and moist soil.


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
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Common Names
Species Summary

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Monocotyledon)
Plant Growth Form Herbaceous Plant
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic
Maximum Height 0.9 m


Native Distribution Singapore, Peninsular Malaysia
Native Habitat Terrestrial
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical
Local Conservation Status Native to Singapore (Critically Endangered (CR))

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form Herbaceous perennial up to 0.9 m.
Flowers Small, white flowers occur on a spike inflorescence and last only one day. The pollen-bearing anther has a pair of wing-shaped appendages and is held on a fish hook-shaped stalk.
Fruit Light green, round, smooth fruit is up to 1 cm wide.
Others - Plant Morphology It can reproduce asexually by producing small plantlets known as bulbils.
Habitat It is found in wet tropical climates.
Cultivation It grows best in well-drained soil that is kept moist.

Fauna, Pollination and Dispersal

Fauna Pollination Dispersal Associated Fauna Bee-Attracting
Pollination Method(s) Biotic (Fauna) (Insects (Bee))

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Semi-Shade
Water Preference Lots of Water
Plant Growth Rate Moderate
Propagation Method Storage Organ (Rhizome)


Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Mature Foliage Texture(s) Bulging in between Veins
Foliar Type Simple / Unifoliate
Foliar Arrangement Along Stem Alternate
Foliar Attachment to Stem Sessile
Foliar Shape(s) Non-Palm Foliage (Linear, Lanceolate)
Foliar Venation Pinnate / Net
Foliar Margin Entire
Foliar Apex - Tip Acuminate
Foliar Base Acute

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower & Plant Sexuality Bisexual Flowers
Flower Colour(s) White
Flower Grouping Cluster / Inflorescence
Flower Location Terminal
Flower Symmetry Asymmetrical

Fruit, Seed and Spore

Mature Fruit Colour(s) Green - Light Green
Mature Fruit Texture(s) Smooth

Image Repository



Master ID 34313
Species ID 8726
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 08 April 2024.