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Anthoshorea henryana


Anthoshorea henryana (Pierre ex Laness.) P.S.Ashton & J.Heck.

Family Name: Dipterocarpaceae
Synonyms: Shorea henryana Pierre ex Laness.
Common Name: White Meranti, Meranti Jerit, 亨氏白娑罗双

Anthoshorea henryana , also known as White Meranti, is a tree which can grow to 40 m tall. It has cream white to pale yellow flowers and winged fruits. The wood is prized regionally for light construction, plywood and veneer.


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Authority
Common Names
Species Summary

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
Plant Growth Form Tree
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic
Maximum Height 40 m


Native Distribution Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, southern Vietnam and Peninsular Malaysia
Native Habitat Terrestrial
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical
Local Conservation Status Non-native

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form It is a tree, up to 40 m tall, with a large buttress. Bark is reddish brown to greyish brown and shallowly fissured. Young twigs are covered with rusty pink hairs. Burr-like growths are commonly seen in young plants.
Foliage Leaves are broadly lanceolate to elliptic, measuring (3 –) 4 – 8 (– 12) cm long and 2.5 – 4.5 cm wide), and have a leathery texture. While the upper surface is green, the underside of the leaves can be glaucous or covered with pink-brown or pink-grey scales. Each leaf has 17 – 20 pairs of lateral veins. The midrib is slightly sunken on the upper surface yet raised and circular on the underside of the leaf. The leaf tip is sharply pointed (acute) to tapering (acuminate), up to 1 cm long, while the leaf base is obtuse to broadly wedged shaped (cuneate). Domatia are absent. The leaf stalk (petiole) is 1 – 1.8 cm long and may be covered with short hairs. Stipule is oblong to lanceolate, measuring up to 2 cm long and 0.3 cm wide, and covered with rusty pink hairs.
Flowers Flowers occur in a cluster (panicle) at the axis (rarely) or terminal end of the branches. Each inflorescence is up to 11 cm long and bearing up to 6 flowers. The flower buds are small (up to 0.1 cm long). Flowers are small with cream white to pale yellow oblong petals. Each flower has 25 - 30 stamens with narrowly oblong anthers. The connectival appendage is thread-like (filiform) and 3 times as long as the anther. The ovary is ovoid and hairy.
Fruit The fruit is winged and dry. They are borne on stalks which are 3 mm long. Each fruit comprises of three long calyx lobes, measuring up to 9.5 cm long and 1.6 cm wide, two shorter lobes (up to 5.5 cm long and 0.4 cm wide) and one oval-shaped nut (2.2 cm long and 1 cm wide) with a slender style remnant at the tip.
Habitat It is found in dry evergreen forests on well drained granite and quartzite soils, up to 900 m altitude.
Associated Fauna Flowers are pollinated by insects.
Cultivation It can be propagated by seed.
Ethnobotanical Uses Timber & Products: It produces white meranti timber that is prized regionally for light construction, such as light-duty flooring, door and window frames, interior furniture, ship building, plywood and veneer. The wood pulp is also used to manufacture paper. The silica present in white meranti may blunt cutting tool edges.
Others: The tree produces clear, pale yellow resin (dammar) which is sometimes traditionally used by local people for torches and varnish.

Landscaping Features

Landscape Uses Parks & Gardens

Fauna, Pollination and Dispersal

Pollination Method(s) Biotic (Fauna)
Seed or Spore Dispersal Abiotic

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun, Semi-Shade
Water Preference Moderate Water
Plant Growth Rate Moderate


Foliage Retention Evergreen
Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Mature Foliage Texture(s) Leathery
Foliar Type Simple / Unifoliate
Foliar Attachment to Stem Petiolate
Foliar Margin Entire
Foliar Apex - Tip Acute, Acuminate
Foliar Base Rounded / Obtuse, Cuneate

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower & Plant Sexuality Bisexual Flowers
Flower Colour(s) Cream / Off-White
Flower Grouping Cluster / Inflorescence
Flower Location Axillary, Terminal
Flower Symmetry Radial
Inflorescence Type Panicle
Flowering Period Every Few Years

Fruit, Seed and Spore

Mature Fruit Colour(s) Brown
Fruit Classification Simple Fruit
Fruit Type Indehiscent Dry Fruit , Nut / Nutlet
Seed Quantity Per Fruit Few (1-5)



Ashton, P.S. (1982). Dipterocarpaceae. In: van Steenis, C.G.G.J. (ed.) Flora Malesiana, ser.1, vol. 9, part 2, pp. 237–552, 575–600. The Hague/Boston/London: Martinus Nijhoff/Dr. W. Junk Publishers.

Lemmens, R.H.M.J. and Soerianegara, I. (eds). (1993). Plant Resources of South-East Asia Volume 5 (1). Timber trees: Major commercial timbers. Indonesia: Prosea Foundation. 610 pages.

Pooma, R., Poopath, M. and Newman, M.F. (2017). Dipterocarpaceae. In: Santisuk, T. & Balsev, H. (eds) Flora of Thailand, vol. 13, part 4, pp. 557–685. Bangkok: The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.

Smitinand, T., Santisuk, T., and Phengklai, C. (1980). The Manual of Dipterocarpaceae of Mainland South-East Asia. Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany) 12: 1–133.

Image Repository



Master ID 34412
Species ID 8825
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 12 April 2024.