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Coney Island Park

09 Oct 2015

Coney Island Park Map
(Map of Coney Island. Coney Island consists of Coney Island Park, a future interim park and an area zoned for sports and recreation. Please refer to soft copy for detailed view. Please credit NParks)

The 50 ha Coney Island Park opened on 10 October 2015. The park is home to a wide variety of habitats, including coastal forests, grasslands, mangroves, and Casuarina woodlands.

Biodiversity (fauna)

Visitors may encounter a wide variety of fauna at the park. In particular, ten species of fauna recorded during surveys on Coney Island are listed in Singapore’s Red Data Book. They include the following:

Birds

(Nationally Critically Endangered)

- Black-crowned Night-Heron

- Spotted Wood-Owl

 

(Nationally Endangered)

- Red Junglefowl

- Changeable Hawk-Eagle

- Red-wattled Lapwing

 

(Nationally Vulnerable)

- Grey Heron

- Rusty-breasted Cuckoo

Dragonflies

(Nationally Critically Endangered)

- Sultan

- Lined Forest-Skimmer

 

Mammals

(Nationally Critically Endangered / Globally Vulnerable)

- Smooth-coated Otter

 


The globally threatened Smooth-coated Otter has been seen at the park as well as in the surrounding waters. About 80 species of birds can also be seen on the island. These include uncommon resident species such as the Rufous-tailed Tailorbird and Rufous Woodpecker, two species which are associated with forested areas. During the migratory season, uncommon migrants that have been recorded on the island include Asian Drongo-Cuckoo, Large Hawk-Cuckoo, Chinese Goshawk and Pallas’s Grasshopper Warbler.

Spotted Wood Owl

Spotted Wood Owl 

(Picture credit: Francis Yap)

Black-crowned Night-heron 

Black crowned Night Heron 
(Picture credit: Francis Yap) 

             

Large Hawk-Cuckoo

Large Hawk Cuckoo 

(Picture credit: Francis Yap)

             

Sultan Dragonfly 

Sultan Dragonfly  

(Picture credit: Yong Yik Shih)

Habitat enhancements

Nest boxes for birds like bee-eaters, woodpeckers are being installed around the island to increase the availability of suitable nesting sites.

Bee-Eaters 

    Drawing of sand mound 

(Blue-throated Bee eaters (L), Drawing of sand mound and nest box (R). Please credit NParks)

Blue-throated Bee-eaters are a common breeding migrant in Singapore. They breed in Singapore and migrate to Indonesia during the winter months. They are an attractive species with an interesting breeding biology, excavating holes in mounds as nest sites. As Bee-eaters nest at only a handful of sites in Singapore, mostly in the northeast, creating suitable nesting areas on Coney Island Park would hopefully increase the availability of nest sites within their primary breeding area in Singapore.

Woodpeckers

Four species of resident woodpeckers — Sunda Pygmy, Laced, Rufous and Common Flameback Woodpeckers — have been recorded on Coney Island Park. Due to their preference for nesting in tree holes, these species face a limited supply of natural nest sites. Bird boxes are erected on tall trees around Coney Island Park to increase the availability of suitable nesting sites for the woodpeckers.

 Nest boxes 

(Nest boxes. Please credit NParks)

Biodiversity (Plants)

Coney Island Park showcases a wide variety of flora that grows in different habitats. Many critically endangered, and even some plants that are locally extinct in the wild, have been planted at the park. Some of these include Barringtonia species and Cycads.

Barringtonia collection

Coney Island Park is home to a collection of riverine and coastal Barringtonia plants, some of which are critically endangered or locally extinct in the wild. They include the Barringtonia reticulata (CR) and Barringtonia conoidea (extinct). (Please see below for details).

Barringtonia reticulata (CR)

     Barringtonia reticulata

(Picture credit: NParks)

Common names: Sumatran Putat, Gulungan Hadik, Kayu, Putat, Putat Bukit, Putat Darat, Putat Gajah, Putat Hitam, Putat Paya, Putat Rimba

Growing in sandy forests near the sea, this shrub can be found in the Western Catchment. It has leathery leaves and pink flowers.

Barringtonia conoidea (nationally extinct)

     Barringtonia conoidea

(Picture credit: NParks)

Common names: River Putat, Putat Air

Growing in tidal mud by rivers and mangrove swamps to a height of 4.5m, its leaves are thickly membranous and has white flowers

Cycads

Locally rare in the wild, cycads have a long fossil history. They typically grow very slowly and live very long. Cycad specimens are known to live for as long as 1000 years. Coney Island Park is home to two cycads. They once grew along the coast of Singapore at Katong and were affected by development works. Hence, NParks transplanted them to Coney Island Park, back to their native beach habitat. These Cycads are the only surviving native cycads on mainland Singapore, planted among Katong trees to resemble their original environment. One of them is about 3.5m tall, and the other is a cluster of more than 2m in diameter. 

                                                                            Cycads on Coney Island Park

(Cycads on Coney Island Park. Please credit NParks)

Beach plantings

The vegetation at the beaches within Coney Island Park have been intentionally left uncleared and greenery grows in its natural environment.

Each of the five beach areas in the park is home to plants of a particular habitat or theme.

Beach Area

Habitat/

Theme

Endangered/ Extinct plant(s)

Points to note

A

Back mangrove trees

Calophyllum inophyllum

(Status: Critically Endangered)

The Calophyllum inophyllum is the main species planted in this area as it is naturally occurring.

Heriteria littoralis (Dungun)

(Status: Critically Endangered)

 

The Dungun tree produces woody, ellipsoid shaped fruits that have a pronounced keel which makes the fruit resemble the head of ‘Ultraman’. The fruits float on water and the keel acts as a rudder. The durable timber is used for making telegraph poles in the past.

B

Beach Front Shrubs and Coastal Climbers

Cerbera manghas (Pink-Eyed Pong Pong)

(Status: Critically Endangered)

 

It resembles another related species,Cerbera odollam, and can be readily told apart by the yellow-centred flowers.The Cerbera manghas has red to pink-centred flowers. It is much rarer locally, and is only known from populations in Pulau Semakau, Pulau Ubin, and St. John’s Island

Ochrosia oppositifolia (Twin-Apple)

(Status: Presumed Nationally Extinct)

The plant resembles a more neatly branching Frangipani (Plumeria species or hybrids), and grows on rocky and sandy seashores, in beach vegetation, coastal forests, and the edge of mangrove forests.

 

This is the first time that the Ochrosia oppositifolia is being planted in its natural environment after being locally extinct.

C

Rare/extinct Coastal trees

Hernandia nymphaeifolia

(Lantern Tree, Buah Keras Laut)

 

(Status: Presumed Nationally Extinct)

A tree that grows along sandy and rocky coasts, the leaves of this plant resemble that of a water lily. It is the first time that the Hernandia nymphaeifolia is being planted in its natural environment after being locally extinct.

 

 

Serianthes grandiflora

(Status: Critically Endangered)

This tree grows along seashores, behind mangrove forests, and sometimes near river mouths.

D

Coastal Hill Forest Trees

Planchonella chartacea (Jeliti)

(Status: Critically Endangered)

This tree was first reported to occur in Singapore in 1997 from Lazarus Island. It was subsequently found also at Chek Jawa.

E

Beach Front Trees

Terminalia subspathulata (Jelawi)

(Status: Critically Endangered)

The Jelawi has a rather open and tiered crown, which large birds of prey use as nesting sites.

Terminalia copelandii (Badam)

(Status: Native to Malaysia)

The Badam looks similar to the Sea Almond (Terminalia cattapa). However, the leaves of this tree are much larger. The tree is found in inland forests.

Demonstration plots

Four demonstration plots showcase a variety of species of plants found in the coastal forest, back mangrove and mangrove habitats. These plantings will add diversity and attract fauna to the area.

  Demonstration Plot

Demo Plot

Habitat Type

Examples of Plantings

Points to note

1

Coastal Forest

Planchonella chartacea

Horsfieldia irya

Sindora wallichii

 

These trees are typically found locally in forests that are close to the sea, such as coastal hill forests, cliffs or swampy grounds.

2

Back Mangrove

 

 

Cynometra ramiflora

Heritiera littoralis

Instia bijuga

 

These species are typical of the back mangrove area where the swampy grounds of the mangrove forest transit towards the drier and with more freshwater influence from the inland environment.

3

Mangrove

 

Bruguiera gymnorhiza

Bruguiera parviflora

Ceriops zippeliana

Lumnitzera racemosa

Xylocarpus moluccensis

 

These species are typically found in mangrove forests which are affected by a confluence of both saline and freshwater. Mangrove forests are inundated by seawater periodically daily, and receive freshwater inland. Species found here are able withstand anoxic soils as well as salinity

4

Coastal Forest

 

Memecylon edule

Memecylon careuleum

Knema globularia

 

These trees are typically found locally in forests that are close to the sea, such as coastal hill forests, cliffs or swampy grounds.

Environmental initiatives

Instead of providing the conventional form of utilities like water and electricity, Coney Island Park adopted several environmental initiatives for its development.

Sustainable electricity and water sources

 The toilet at the park is zero-energy, and self-sufficient. Electricity used to power the pumps is generated from solar power. Water used for flushing and hand washing is harvested from rainwater and diffused sunlight is used to provide light indoors. The green roof reduces the amount of stormwater runoff and the speed at which it occurs, minimising the stress on drainage systems during storms and high tides. Through the daily dew and evaporation cycle, plants on vertical and horizontal surfaces also help to reduce ambient temperatures.

Lamp posts are attached with solar panels which harvest solar power for lighting without the need for electricity.

Recycled timber

Casuarina timber from uprooted trees were recycled into park signages, seats, benches, boardwalk and exhibits.

Guided walks at Coney Island Park

Guided walks will be made available to members of the public in November/December 2015. Conducted by NParks volunteers, participants will learn about the biodiversity at the park, as well get a chance to visit the Haw Par Beach Villa. The villa has historical links to the Haw Par brothers and Tiger Balm. As the building is structurally unsound, the public access is advised not to enter the villa. Members of the public should not to attempt to visit the villa on their own, as it is situated within a mangrove area that is subject to rising of tides.

Registration for the guided walks open on Sunday, 11 October 2015 at 10am at https://www.nparks.gov.sg/gardens-parks-and-nature/parks-and-nature-reserves/coney-island-park.

Visitor information

Coney Island Park is open from 7am to 7pm daily. Due to safety concerns, the park is open only during the day as there is no lighting in the park after dark.

Park Entrances:

  1. 500m east of Punggol Point Park (West entrance)

  2. Pasir Ris Industrial Drive 6 (East entrance)


Last updated on 09 July 2018

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