Classifications and Characteristics
|Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
|Plant Growth Form
|Climber, Vine & Liana
|Lifespan (in Singapore)
|Mode of Nutrition
|Philippines, India and Malaysia
|Preferred Climate Zone
|Local Conservation Status
|Non-native (Spontaneous (Casual))
Description and Ethnobotany
|A woody climber. It climbs by means of hooks and can grow up to 8m tall.
|The leaves are arranged in opposite pairs along the stem and are elliptic to elliptic-oblong in shape, it is abaxially pilose and adaxially glabrous except for the mid-vein which is brown and pilose. The leaf petiole is modified into a thorny grappling hook as a climbing aid. Leaves measure about 5 - 18 cm by 2.5 - 7 cm.
|The young branches are tomentose.
|The fragrant flowers are borne on a pendant raceme and are white in colour, the upper surface of the flower turns pink then red over a period of time.
|The fruit is a drupe and is red, turning dark brown when mature. The fruit is elliptic-ovate in shape and is 5-ribbed, appearing star-shaped when seen in cross-section. Fruit is glabrous and measures about 2.7 - 4 cm by 1.2 - 2.3 cm.
|Usually found in rain forests, hedges, mountains, riversides and wasteland; below 1500 m.
|Genus name Quisqualis is derived from the Malay name "udani" and refers to the variable habit and colouring of the plant. Species name indica refers to being from India.
|Medicinal: Seeds are used as medicine to kill intestinal parasites.
|Desirable Plant Features
|Ornamental Flowers, Fragrant (Flowers)
|Parks & Gardens, Trellis / Arbour / Pergola
|Fragrant / Aromatherapy Garden
Fauna, Pollination and Dispersal
Plant Care and Propagation
|Plant Growth Rate
|Seed, Stem Cutting (Softwood)
|Mature Foliage Colour(s)
|Mature Foliage Texture(s)
|Velvety / Furry / Tomentose
|Simple / Unifoliate
|Foliar Arrangement Along Stem
|Foliar Attachment to Stem
|Pinnate / Net
|Foliar Apex - Tip
|Rounded / Obtuse
|Pink, Red, White
|Cluster / Inflorescence
|The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.