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Zingiber puberulum Holttum var. ovoideum

Family Name: Zingiberaceae
Semi-Shade Moderate Water Bird-Attracting Native to Singapore Ornamental Flowers Woody Herbaceous


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Infraspecific Epithet
Name Authority
Name Status (botanical)

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Monocotyledon)
Plant Growth Form Shrub (Herbaceous)
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic
Maximum Height 3 m


Native Distribution Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore
Native Habitat Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest, Secondary Rainforest)
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical
Local Conservation Status 1 Native to Singapore (Endangered (EN))

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form It is a herb that grows up to 3 m tall from underground rhizomes.
Foliage Its stalkless leaves have leaf blades that are evenly oval, 25-40 by 5-8 cm, and covered with hair below. Its ligules (thin outgrowths at the junction of the leaf and leaf stalk) are about 3-6 mm long.
Flowers Its white to cream flowers grow on flowering shoots that are up to 20 cm long. The flower’s lip is cream to yellowish.
Fruits Its white fruits are 2-2.5 cm long. Its black seeds are 7 mm long, and covered mostly with white pulp.
Habitat It grows in forests. 
Associated Fauna Its flowers are pollinated by birds.
Cultivation It can be propagated from seed or division of the rhizome.
Etymology Latin Zingiber, ginger; Latin puberulus, downy, soft, referring to the hairs on the plant; Latin ovoideum, ovoid, the reference to which is unknown

Landscaping Features

Landscaping It may be suitable for parks, in shaded to partially shaded areas.
Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Flowers
Plant & Rootzone Preference - Tolerance Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
Landscape Uses Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens

Fauna, Pollination and Dispersal

Fauna Pollination Dispersal Associated Fauna Bird Attracting
Pollination Method(s) Biotic (Fauna)
Seed or Spore Dispersal Biotic (Fauna)

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Semi-Shade
Water Preference Moderate Water
Propagation Method Seed, Division


Foliage Retention Evergreen
Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Mature Foliage Texture(s) Hairy / Hirsute
Foliar Type Simple / Unifoliate
Foliar Arrangement Along Stem Rosulate / Rosette
Foliar Attachment to Stem Sessile
Foliar Shape(s) Non-Palm Foliage (Lanceolate)
Foliar Venation Parallel
Foliar Margin Entire
Leaf Area Index (LAI) for Green Plot Ratio 3.5 (Shrub & Groundcover - Monocot)

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower & Plant Sexuality 1 Bisexual Flowers
Flower Colour(s) Red, Cream / Off-White, White
Flower Grouping Cluster / Inflorescence

Fruit, Seed & Spore

Mature Fruit Colour(s) - Angiosperms and Gymnosperms White
Fruit Classification Simple Fruit
Fruit Type 1 Fleshy Fruit
Fruit Type 2 Non-Accessory Fruit

Image Repository



Master ID 1281
Species ID 2574
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 20 April 2020.