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Elaeocarpus angustifolius


Elaeocarpus angustifolius Blume

Family Name: Elaeocarpaceae
Common Name: Blue Marble Tree, Blue Fig, New Guinea Quandong, Quandong, Snowdrop Tree, Bead Tree of India, Indian Oil Fruit, Geniteri, Blue Quandong


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Authority
Name Status (botanical)
Common Names

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
Plant Growth Form Tree
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic
Maximum Height 40 m


Native Distribution India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Nepal, Myanmar, Thailand, Australia, the Pacific Islands
Native Habitat Terrestrial
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical
Local Conservation Status Non-native

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form It is a fast-growing large tree with buttresses. It is able to grow up to 30 - 40 m tall in its natural habitat.
Crown The crown is spreading and conical-shaped.
Trunk Bark is light grey to brown and fissured.
Foliage Leaves are dark green obovate-oblong to oblong-lanceolate. Margins serrate, measuring about 8 - 15 cm long and 2.5 - 4.5 cm wide, petiole about 1 - 1.5 cm long, old leaves become red before falling off.
Flowers Flowers are white with 5 petals. They are borne on an axillary raceme inflorescence about 2 - 4 cm long, petals divided at the tip into 4 or 5 lobes, stamens 25 - 50 present, ovary hairy.
Fruit Fruit is a blue to purplish-blue globose fleshy drupe about 1.5 - 3 cm wide, contains 2 - 5 seeds.
Habitat It can be found in rainforests.
Etymology Genus Elaeocarpus is from Greek words "elaia" which means "olive" and "karpos" which means "fruit" and they refer to the fruits. Species angustifolius means narrow-leaved.
Ethnobotanical Uses Cultural / Religious: Aboriginals used to mixed the fresh fruits with water to make an edible paste.

Landscaping Features

Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Flowers
Landscape Uses Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens

Fauna, Pollination and Dispersal

Pollination Method(s) Biotic (Fauna)

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun
Water Preference Moderate Water
Plant Growth Rate Moderate
Rootzone Tolerance Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils
Propagation Method Seed


Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Foliar Margin Serrate / Toothed
Foliar Apex - Tip Acute, Obtuse

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower Colour(s) White
Flower Grouping Cluster / Inflorescence
Inflorescence Type Raceme

Fruit, Seed and Spore

Fruit Type Fleshy Fruit

Image Repository



Master ID 1576
Species ID 2869
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 04 October 2023.