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Magnolia coco


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Status (botanical)

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
Plant Growth Form Tree, Shrub


Native Distribution Southern China to Northern Vietnam, Taiwan
Native Habitat Terrestrial
Local Conservation Status Non-native

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form It is a small tree or shrub, up to 4 m tall.
Foliage Leaves are leathery, elliptic (7 – 28 cm long and 2 – 9 cm wide), glossy green with long leaf tip. Leaf margin is mildly wavy and curved slightly downwards (revolute). There are 8 – 10 pairs of lateral veins present on the leaf. Petiole is 0.5 – 1 cm long and stipular scar can be found on petiole.
Flowers Flowers are round (about 4 cm diameter), white and fragrant. Each flower comprises of 3 outer tepals and 6 inner tepals in two whorls, enveloping stamens and ovary within.
Ethnobotanical Uses Edible Plant Parts : Edible Flowers
Others: Essential oil can be extracted from the flowers for perfumery. Flowers are also used to make tea.

Landscaping Features

Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Flowers, Fragrant

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Semi-Shade, Full Sun
Water Preference Moderate Water
Plant Growth Rate Moderate
Rootzone Tolerance Drought Tolerant


Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Leaf Area Index (LAI) for Green Plot Ratio 3.0 (Tree - Intermediate Canopy)

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower Colour(s) White

Image Repository



Master ID 1714
Species ID 3007
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 18 February 2022.