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Podocarpus neriifolius D. Don

Family Name: Podocarpaceae
Synonyms: Margbensonia neriifolia, Nageia discolor, Podocarpus polyantha, Podocarpus neglecta, Podocarpus discolor, Nageia neriifolia
Common Name: Mountain Teak, Brown Pine, Oleander Podocarp, Lowland Podocarp, Jati Bukit, Podo Bukit, Kayu China, Setada, Sentada, 百日青
Full Sun: 6-8h Moderate Water Coastal Roadside Tree / Palm Fragrant Tree


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Authority
Name Status (botanical)
Common Names

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Gymnosperms (Non-Flowering Seed Plants) (Conifer)
Plant Growth Form Tree (Big (>30m), Medium (16m-30m), Small (6m-15m), Shrubby (1m-5m))
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic
Plant Shape Rounded
Maximum Height 3 m to 45 m
Tree or Palm – Trunk Diameter 0 m to 1 m


Native Distribution India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Indochina, Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia. Papua New Guinea
Native Habitat Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest, Monsoon Forest)
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical, Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal, Temperate
CITES Protection True (Appendix III)

Description and Ethnobotany

Others - Plant Morphology Small to large evergreen coniferous tree. Non-flowering plant, whose naked seeds are not contained within protective confines of a fruit. 'Flowers' are actually unisexual cones, and the species is dioecious -- pollen-producing male cones and seed-bearing female cones are produced on different trees. Oval-shaped seeds sit on seed stalks, which becomes fleshy and reddish upon maturity.Genus name 'Podocarpus' is derived from the Greek words for foot and fruit, a reference to the swollen stalk or receptacle that holds the seed. Species epithet 'nerrifolius' means oleander-leaved.Regarded as valuable softwood timber tree. Inside of bark pleasantly aromatic.
Ethnobotanical Uses Cultural / Religious ( Heritage Tree :                                                                                         There is currently one individual of Podocarpus neriifolius listed as a Heritage Tree in Singapore. It can be found at the Singapore Botanic Gardens. To find out more about this tree, please visit the Heritage Tree Register.)
[Others]: Wood used for construction, and making furniture, musical instruments, carvings, and paper. Timber tradename is Lowland Podocarpus.

Landscaping Features

Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Fruits, Fragrant (Bark)
Plant & Rootzone Preference - Tolerance Disease / Pest Resistant
Landscape Uses Container Planting, General, Roadside Tree / Palm, Coastal, Shade Providing Tree / Palm
Thematic Landscaping Naturalistic Garden
SGMP Treatment
Species record last updated on: 14 October 2021.