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Passiflora edulis f. edulis

Family Name: Passifloraceae
Common Name: Purple Passion Fruit, Purple Granadilla, 百香果, 西蕃莲
Full Sun: 6-8h Moderate Water Fruit & Vegetable Fragrant Ornamental Flowers Ornamental Foliage Climber, Vine and Liana Woody Herbaceous


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Infraspecific Epithet
Name Status (botanical)
Common Names

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Monocotyledon)
Plant Growth Form Climber, Vine & Liana, Shrub (Herbaceous)
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic
Plant Shape Irregular


Native Distribution Brazil
Preferred Climate Zone Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal

Description and Ethnobotany

Others - Plant Morphology Vigorous climber, up to 2.5m height. Leaves palmate, deeply-lobed when mature. Flowers fragrant, attractive to carpenter bees.Fruits edible, round to ovoid, mature from green to purplish-red,. Hard rind surrounds cavity filled with numerous black seeds surrounded by yellow-orange, sour-sweet pulp. Harvest fruit when ripe or fallen to ground. Sweetest when slightly shrivelled.Should be grown on trellis, in well-drained fertile soil (ground or container). Propagate by seeds or stem cuttings.
Ethnobotanical Uses Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits)
Food (Fruit & Vegetable)

Landscaping Features

Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Foliage, Ornamental Flowers, Ornamental Fruits, Fragrant (Fruits, Flowers)
Plant & Rootzone Preference - Tolerance Fertile Loamy Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Disease / Pest Resistant
Landscape Uses General, Vertical Greenery / Green Wall, Container Planting
Thematic Landscaping Economic Garden
SGMP Treatment

Fauna, Pollination and Dispersal

Pollination Method(s) Abiotic (Self-Pollinated), Biotic (Fauna) (Insects (Bee), Associated with: Can be hand-pollinated.)

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun
Water Preference Moderate Water
Plant Growth Rate Fast
Planting Distance From 4
Pruning Prune regularly to contain spread of plant, allow for easier fruit harvest and maintain plant vigour and productiviy.
Fertilizing Fertilizer regularly for fruit production. Mulch with organic matter to protect shallow roots.
Potential Problems Disease may shorten lifespan to 5-7 years.
Diseases May be susceptible to nematodes and snails.
Propagation Method Seed, Stem Cutting, Grafting, Air-Layering
Propagule Establishment Remarks Fresh seeds germinate in 10-20 days. Dried seeds take longer. Stem cuttings should be well-rooted and ready for planting in 90 days.
Maintenance Requirements Remarks Water regularly to encourage continuous flowering and fruting. Ensure plant is well-watered during fruit maturation. If soil is dry, fruits may shrivel and fall prematurely.
Propagation Method Remarks Stem cuttings - select mature stems with 3-4 nodes. Dip cut end in rooting hormone to hasten rooting.


Foliage Retention Evergreen
Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Mature Foliage Texture(s) Smooth, Glossy / Shiny
Foliar Modification Foliar Tendril
Foliar Type Simple / Unifoliate
Foliar Arrangement Along Stem Alternate
Foliar Shape(s) Non-Palm Foliage (Palmate)
Foliar Venation Pinnate / Net
Foliar Margin Serrate / Toothed
Typical Foliar Area Microphyll ( 2.25cm2 - 20.25 cm2 )

Non - Foliar and Storage

Stem Type & Modification Herbaceous
Root Type Underground (Fibrous Root)

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower & Plant Sexuality 1 Bisexual Flowers
Flower Colour(s) Purple, White
Flower Symmetry Radial
Flowering Period Free-Flowering
Flowering Opening Time Time-Independent
Flower Lifespan on Plant 1 Day
Flowering Habit Polycarpic

Fruit, Seed & Spore

Mature Fruit Colour(s) - Angiosperms and Gymnosperms Purple, Red, White
Fruit Classification Simple Fruit
Fruit Type 1 Fleshy Fruit
Fruit Type 2 Berry

Image Repository



Master ID 15543
Species ID 3332
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 20 April 2020.