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Garcinia hombroniana Pierre

Family Name: Clusiaceae (Guttiferae)
Common Name: Seashore Mangosteen, Beruas, Manggis Hutan, Minjok
Full Sun: 6-8h Moderate Water Native to Singapore Coastal Roadside Tree / Palm Tree


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Authority
Name Status (botanical)
Common Names

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
Plant Growth Form Tree (Medium (16m-30m), Small (6m-15m))
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic
Plant Shape Columnar, Irregular
Maximum Height 18 m


Native Distribution From Nicobar Islands to Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore.
Native Habitat Terrestrial (Coastal Forest), Shoreline (Sandy Beach, Rocky Beach)
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical
Local Conservation Status 1 Native to Singapore (Endangered (EN))

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form It is a latex-containing, small to medium sized tree, up to 18 m tall.
Foliage Its leaves are opposite, stalked, oval to elliptic is shape, 6.5-15.5 cm long and 3.5-7.6 cm wide.
Flowers Its flowers have sepals that are pink or rose-red on the exterior and cream-yellow in the interior, and cream petals.
Fruits Its round fruits are bright rose-red when ripe, up to 5 cm wide and smell of apples.
Habitat It grows on rocky and sandy coasts.
Associated Fauna Its flowers are pollinated by insects. The fruits are probably eaten by small mammals.
Etymology Latin Garcinia, commemorating Laurent Garcin (16831751), a French botanist who travelled widely in India;
Ethnobotanical Uses Cultural / Religious ( Heritage Tree :                                                   There is currently one individual of Garcinia hombroniana listed as a Heritage Tree in Singapore. It can be found on Sentosa. To find out more about this tree, please visit the Heritage Tree Register.)

Landscaping Features

Landscaping It is suitable for planting along streetscapes, parks, gardens, and coastal areas/parks for its dense leafy crown.
Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Fruits, Ornamental Form
Plant & Rootzone Preference - Tolerance Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Saline Soils / Salt Spray, Fertile Loamy Soils
Landscape Uses General, Roadside Tree / Palm, Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens, Coastal, Beachfront / Shoreline

Fauna, Pollination and Dispersal

Pollination Method(s) Biotic (Fauna)
Seed or Spore Dispersal Biotic (Fauna)

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun
Water Preference Moderate Water
Propagation Method Seed
Plant Growth Rate Remarks Slow


Foliage Retention Evergreen
Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Mature Foliage Texture(s) Leathery
Foliar Type Simple / Unifoliate
Foliar Arrangement Along Stem Opposite
Foliar Attachment to Stem Petiolate
Foliar Shape(s) Non-Palm Foliage
Foliar Venation Pinnate / Net
Foliar Margin Entire

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower & Plant Sexuality 1 Unisexual Flowers
Flower & Plant Sexuality 2 Dioecious
Flower Colour(s) Cream / Off-White

Fruit, Seed & Spore

Mature Fruit Colour(s) - Angiosperms and Gymnosperms Red
Fruit Classification Simple Fruit
Fruit Type 1 Fleshy Fruit

Image Repository



Master ID 29078
Species ID 3392
Species record last updated on: 16 May 2019.