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Aristolochia philippinensis


Aristolochia philippinensis Warb.

Family Name: Aristolochiaceae


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Authority
Name Status (botanical)

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
Plant Growth Form Shrub
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic


Native Distribution Philippines
Native Habitat Terrestrial
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical
Local Conservation Status Non-native

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form An erect shrubby plant that grows up to 1 m tall.
Foliage Leaves are membranous or chartaceous (papery-like), lanceolate, elliptic or oblanceolate shape. Each leaf blade measures 8.5 - 24 cm long by 3.5 - 8.5 cm wide, petiolate and has entire margin. The leaves are alternately arranged along the stem.
Flowers Flowers are borne in clusters located on the axils of the leaves, spiciform or racemiform. Each rachis is up to 2 (-6) cm long with distinct internodes and is glabrous or has sparsely short hairs. Stamens are 6.
Fruit Fruit is capsule, subglobose, shortly cylindric or oblong-ellipsoid shape, 1.5-2.5 long by 1.5 cm wide and glabrous.
Habitat Found in low and medium elevation of thickets and forests, up to 900 m altitude.
Cultivation Plant under full sun on moist soil. Plant can tolerate slight semi-shaded condition.
Etymology The genus Aristolochia is from Ancient Greek that means best-childbirth, with resemblance of the species to the fetal position. The species epithet philippinensis means from the Philippines.

Landscaping Features

Landscaping Shrubby plant with clusters of goose-shaped purple flowers.
Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Flowers
Landscape Uses Parks & Gardens

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun
Water Preference Moderate Water
Plant Growth Rate Fast to Moderate
Rootzone Tolerance Moist Soils


Foliage Retention Evergreen
Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Mature Foliage Texture(s) Glossy / Shiny, Papery
Prominent Young Flush Colour(s) Green
Young Flush Texture(s) Glossy / Shiny, Papery
Foliar Type Simple / Unifoliate
Foliar Arrangement Along Stem Alternate
Foliar Attachment to Stem Petiolate
Foliar Shape(s) Non-Palm Foliage (Elliptical, Lanceolate, Oblanceolate)
Foliar Venation Pinnate / Net
Foliar Margin Entire
Foliar Base Acute

Non - Foliar and Storage

Mature Bark Texture Smooth
Stem Type & Modification Herbaceous, Woody
Root Type Underground

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower & Plant Sexuality Bisexual Flowers
Flower Colour(s) Brown, Purple
Flower Texture(s) Smooth
Flower Grouping Cluster / Inflorescence
Flower Location Axillary
Flower Symmetry Bilateral
Flowering Opening Time Daytime

Fruit, Seed and Spore

Fruit Type Indehiscent Dry Fruit , Capsule
Mature Seed Texture(s) Rough
Seed Description Seeds are triangular or deltoid, 4-4.5 mm long by 4 mm wide, not winged, verrucose underneath and marginal part above.


References Thomas, D.C., Ardi, W.H., Girmansyah, D.& Hughes, M. (2013). Aristolochia philippinensis. Accessed 16 May. 2024.

Image Repository



Master ID 29109
Species ID 3421
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 29 May 2024.