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Asplenium tenerum


Asplenium tenerum G.Forst.

Family Name: Aspleniaceae
Synonyms: Asplenium tenera, Asplenium tenerumoides
Common Name: Parks' Asplenium, 膜连铁角蕨, 柔软铁角蕨


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Authority
Name Status (botanical)
Common Names

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Ferns & Allies (Non-Seed Vascular Plants) (Fern)
Plant Growth Form Epiphyte


Native Distribution Sri Lanka to Polynesia
Native Habitat Terrestrial
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical, Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal
Local Conservation Status Native to Singapore (Endangered (EN))

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form Small, compact fern.
Foliage Pinnate fronds are arranged in a rosette. Each frond is composed of 20-30 pairs of leaflets known as pinnae (4 cm long, 1 cm wide). The pinnae form a triangular lamina that is 20-40 cm long and 4-8 cm wide. 
Reproductive Parts - non-flowering plant Spores are produced by clusters of sporangia known as a sorus. The sorus is linear and covered by a protective flap of tissue known as an indusium which is 0.7 mm wide. The sori are arranged in 2 files on either side of the pinnae  midrib.
Habitat It is found near forest streams at the base of trees and shrubs or on rocks. Locally, it can be found in the Bukit Timah Nature Reserve.
Etymology Genus Asplenium means without spleen and is usually a reference for the fern to cure spleen ailments. Species tenerum means soft, delicate and tender and refers to the characteristic of the fern. 

Landscaping Features

Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Foliage
Landscape Uses Container Planting, Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Semi-Shade
Water Preference Moderate Water
Rootzone Tolerance Well-Drained Soils
Propagation Method Spore


Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green, Green - Bluish Green

Non - Foliar and Storage

Specialised Storage Organ(s) Underground

Image Repository



Master ID 29275
Species ID 3584
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 29 July 2022.