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Clerodendrum minahassae


Clerodendrum minahassae Teijsm. & Binn.

Family Name: Lamiaceae (Labiatae)
Common Name: Tube Flower


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Authority
Name Status (botanical)
Common Names

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
Plant Growth Form Shrub
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic
Maximum Height 4.6 m


Native Habitat Terrestrial
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical
Local Conservation Status Non-native (Horticultural / Cultivated Only)

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form Large shrub up to 4.6 m tall.
Foliage Dark green, glossy leaves are elongated and elliptical. Young leaves have an undulate leaf margin which straightens out to become entire at maturity. The leaf texture is wrinkled with the leaf blade bulging between veins.
Flowers White, tubular flowers are arranged in small clusters near the stem tips. The floral tube is long and narrow and there are 5 linear lobes which droop down. There is 1 reddish pink stigma and 4 long, curled stamens which have white filaments that are purplish pink near the tip.
Fruit Each flower produces a single round seed pod which becomes shiny black at maturity. The seed pod is surrounded by bright red tissue which persists on the plant for several months.
Cultivation It grows best in full sun, but tolerates semi-shade at the expense of less flowering. Avoid heavy pruning because it encourages prolific suckering. It has moderate drought tolerance once established.

Landscaping Features

Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Flowers, Ornamental Fruits
Landscape Uses Parks & Gardens, Hedge / Screening

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun
Water Preference Moderate Water
Plant Growth Rate Moderate


Foliage Retention Evergreen
Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Mature Foliage Texture(s) Bulging in between Veins
Foliar Type Simple / Unifoliate
Foliar Arrangement Along Stem Opposite
Foliar Attachment to Stem Petiolate
Foliar Shape(s) Non-Palm Foliage (Elliptical, Oblong)
Foliar Venation Pinnate / Net
Foliar Margin Entire
Foliar Apex - Tip Acute
Foliar Base Rounded / Obtuse

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower & Plant Sexuality Bisexual Flowers
Flower Colour(s) White
Flower Texture(s) Smooth
Flower Grouping Cluster / Inflorescence
Flower Location Terminal
Flower Symmetry Radial
Individual Flower Shape Tubular

Fruit, Seed and Spore

Fruit Classification Simple Fruit
Fruit Type Indehiscent Dry Fruit , Nut / Nutlet

Image Repository



Master ID 29518
Species ID 3827
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 13 December 2022.