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Elaeocarpus ferrugineus subsp. ferrugineus


Elaeocarpus ferrugineus (Jack) Steud. subsp. ferrugineus

Family Name: Elaeocarpaceae
Common Name: Rusty Oil Fruit


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Infraspecific Epithet
Name Authority
Name Status (botanical)
Common Names

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
Plant Growth Form Tree
Maximum Height 31 m


Native Distribution Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, and Borneo
Native Habitat Terrestrial
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical
Local Conservation Status Native to Singapore (Vulnerable (VU))

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form It is a tree up to 31 m tall. Its bark varies from smooth to mildly cracked. Its twigs, leaf stalks, leaf veins and flowering clusters are clothed with rusty-brown hair.
Foliage Its spirally arranged, stalked leaves have thinly leathery leaf blades that are egg-shaped, elliptic, oblong-elliptic and about 10–27 by 6.4–15 cm. Its leaf stalks are swollen at the tip.
Flowers Its flowering clusters are about 3–9 cm long. Its 4-merous flowers are cream to greenish and up to 0.8 cm wide.
Fruit Its fruits are ellipsoid and 0.6–1.7 cm wide.
Habitat It grows in lowland and lower montane forests up to 1200 m in altitude. It occurs locally in the Western Catchment Area.
Associated Fauna Its flowers are insect-pollinated.
Cultivation Greek elaion, oil; Greek karpos, fruit, referring to the oily fruit pulp; Latin ferrugineus, rusty, referring to the rusty appearance of some plant part of this species.
Ethnobotanical Uses Edible Plant Parts : Edible Fruits

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun
Water Preference Moderate Water
Plant Growth Rate Moderate


Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green

Image Repository



Master ID 29804
Species ID 4113
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 31 October 2022.