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Plumeria alba


Plumeria alba L.

Family Name: Apocynaceae
Common Name: White Frangipani, 鸡蛋花

Plumeria alba is a tree which can reach up to 7.6 m tall. It produces abundant white flowers throughout the year. It is widely cultivated for its ornamental and scented flowers.


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Authority
Name Status (botanical)
Common Names
Species Summary

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
Plant Growth Form Tree
Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic
Plant Shape Irregular
Maximum Height 7.6 m


Native Distribution Puerto Rico to Windward Islands
Native Habitat Terrestrial
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical
Local Conservation Status Non-native (Horticultural / Cultivated Only)

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form It is a tree which can reach up to 7.6 m tall. All plant parts produce white sap when injured.
Foliage The leaves are narrowly lanceolate, green and leathery. They tend to cluster at the end of the branches.
Flowers Flowers are white with a small yellow center, and has a sweet floral scent.
Etymology The genus is named after French botanist, Charles Plumier, who contributed significantly to the botanical exploration of the Caribbean and Central America in the late 17th century. The common name, frangipani, is from the name of an Italian nobleman who produced a perfume with similar fragrance to plumeria flowers.

Landscaping Features

Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Flowers, Fragrant (Flowers)
Landscape Uses Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens, Container Planting, General
Thematic Landscaping Fragrant / Aromatherapy Garden
Usage Hazard - Cons Irritant - Sap

Fauna, Pollination and Dispersal

Pollination Method(s) Biotic (Fauna)

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun
Water Preference Moderate Water
Plant Growth Rate Moderate
Rootzone Tolerance Well-Drained Soils
Diseases Root rot can infect plants planted in poorly-drained soils. It is susceptible to mealy bug infestations and secondary infection of black sooty mold. It is also susceptible to rust fungus disease which infects the leaves.
Propagation Method Stem Cutting, Grafting, Marcotting


Foliage Retention Evergreen
Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Mature Foliage Texture(s) Leathery
Foliar Type Simple / Unifoliate
Foliar Attachment to Stem Petiolate
Foliar Venation Pinnate / Net
Foliar Margin Entire

Non - Foliar and Storage

Trunk Type (Non Palm) Woody
Root Type Underground

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower & Plant Sexuality Bisexual Flowers
Flower Colour(s) White
Flower Grouping Cluster / Inflorescence
Flower Location Terminal
Flower Symmetry Radial
Flowering Period Free-Flowering

Image Repository



Master ID 30270
Species ID 4579
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 11 October 2023.