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Gardenia jasminoides var. jasminoides


Gardenia jasminoides var. jasminoides

Family Name: Rubiaceae
Common Name: Gardenia, 栀子


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Infraspecific Epithet
Name Status (botanical)
Common Names

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
Plant Growth Form Shrub
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic


Native Distribution China, Japan, Vietnam
Native Habitat Terrestrial
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical, Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal, Temperate

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form Medium-sized, woody shrub with a rounded growth habit, able to grow up to 2 m tall.
Foliage Semi-glossy leaves are elliptic with entire leaf margin (10 cm long, 5 cm wide).
Flowers Large, white flowers have about 6 paddle-shaped petals that are arranged radially, like the spokes of a bicycle wheel (6.5 - 7.5 cm wide), turns to yellowish-white upon aging. Flowers have a strong, sweet fragrance and are produced throughout the year.
Cultivation Compared with other Gardenia species, this one is easier to grow, because it is more resistant to scale insects and mealy bugs and more tolerant of drought and overwatering. This species blooms best in full sun, but also tolerates partial shade. Plant in well-draining, acidic soil that is kept moist. Mulch the plants with compost to prevent the soil from drying out or the roots from overheating. Feed plants with a palm fertilizer 3 times a year. Try not to prune this species frequently, because it is naturally bushy and flowers are produced from new growth.
Etymology The genus "Gardenia" is named after Dr. Alexander Garden, an American doctor who also studied plants and animals (1730 - 1791).

Landscaping Features

Landscaping This species is grown for its large, fragrant flowers. This species is suitable for container plantings and could be located on a sunny patio. Avoid planting several types or too many fragrant flowering shrubs together as the aromas could clash or become too strong.
Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Flowers, Fragrant (Flowers) (Day)
Plant & Rootzone Preference - Tolerance Easy to Grow, Dry Soils / Drought, Saline Soils / Salt Spray, Disease / Pest Resistant, Well-Drained Soils
Landscape Uses Coastal, Container Planting, Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens

Fauna, Pollination and Dispersal

Fauna Pollination Dispersal Associated Fauna Butterfly Food Plant
Pollination Method(s) Biotic (Fauna)

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun
Water Preference Moderate Water


Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green
Mature Foliage Texture(s) Smooth

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower Colour(s) White
Flower Grouping Solitary

Fruit, Seed and Spore

Mature Fruit Colour(s) - Angiosperms and Gymnosperms Orange

Image Repository



Master ID 30600
Species ID 4909
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 30 May 2023.