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Gardenia vilhelmii


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Authority

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
Plant Growth Form Tree, Shrub
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic


Native Distribution Endemic to North Eastern Queensland, Australia
Native Habitat Terrestrial
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical
Local Conservation Status Non-native

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form Shrub or treelet up to 6 m tall.
Foliage Leaves green, tend to crowd at the ends of branched twigs, measuring about 1 - 3.5 cm long and 0.6 - 2 cm wide, petiole measuring about 1 - 3 cm long.
Flowers Solitary fragrant white flowers, measuring about 2 cm wide. Male flower has a well developed ovary and it terminates in a large white style and stigma which exceeds the corolla tube slightly. Female flower has 3 stigmas and found along the upper style which comes out about 0.5 - 0.7 cm from the corolla tube.
Fruit Fruit is globular in shape and measures about 0.9 - 1.6 cm wide, contains seeds which are shaped like a circular disc.
Habitat Can be found in open eucalypt forest and monsoon forest.
Etymology Genus Gardenia is named after Dr. Alexander Garden (1730 - 1791) , an American doctor who also studied plants and animals.
Ethnobotanical Uses Medicinal: Used for toothache by Aborigines.

Landscaping Features

Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Flowers, Ornamental Fruits, Fragrant (Flowers)
Landscape Uses Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens, Container Planting
Thematic Landscaping Fragrant / Aromatherapy Garden

Fauna, Pollination and Dispersal

Fauna Pollination Dispersal Associated Fauna Butterfly-Attracting
Pollination Method(s) Biotic (Fauna)
Seed or Spore Dispersal Biotic (Fauna)

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun
Water Preference Moderate Water
Rootzone Tolerance Well-Drained Soils
Propagation Method Seed


Foliage Retention Drought / Semi-Deciduous
Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower Colour(s) White

Fruit, Seed and Spore

Mature Fruit Colour(s) Orange

Image Repository



Master ID 31314
Species ID 5711
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 20 August 2021.