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Gardenia actinocarpa


Gardenia actinocarpa Puttock

Family Name: Rubiaceae


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Name Authority
Name Status (botanical)

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Growth Form Shrub
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic


Native Distribution Cape York Peninsular, Australia (Northern Queensland)
Native Habitat Terrestrial
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical
Local Conservation Status Non-native

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form Shrub about 1 - 3 m tall. 
Foliage Leaves green and having a rough surface, margin toothed, measuring about 9 - 27 cm long, petiole measuring about 0.4 - 0.9 cm long.
Flowers Fragrant white flowers, both male and female flowers are on separate plants.
Fruit Fruits are ellipsoidal in shape, measuring about 2.8 - 4.6 cm long and 1.8 - 3.2 cm wide, 6-ribbed, contains seeds which are papery. 
Habitat Usually found as an understory plant in undisturbed lowland rainforest.
Etymology Genus Gardenia is named after Dr. Alexander Garden (1730 - 1791) , an American doctor who also studied plants and animals. Species actinocarpa means radiate-fruit.

Landscaping Features

Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Flowers

Fauna, Pollination and Dispersal

Pollination Method(s) Biotic (Fauna)
Seed or Spore Dispersal Biotic (Fauna)

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Semi-Shade, Full Shade
Water Preference Moderate Water
Propagation Method Seed


Foliage Retention Evergreen
Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower Colour(s) White

Image Repository



Master ID 31313
Species ID 5710
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 20 August 2021.