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Gardenia cornuta


Gardenia cornuta

Family Name: Rubiaceae
Common Name: Horned Gardenia, Natal Gardenia


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet
Common Names

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
Plant Growth Form Tree, Shrub
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic


Native Distribution Zuzuland, Swaziland, southern Mozambique
Native Habitat Terrestrial
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical
Local Conservation Status Non-native

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form Multi-stemmed shrub, able to grow up 3 - 5 m tall.
Foliage Leaves usually in whorls of 3, light green, oval shape, measuring about 2.5 - 4 cm long.
Stems Smooth bark, whitish grey, sometimes branchlets have thick thorns.
Flowers Solitary white flowers turning yellow upon aging, short-stalked with a long green tube measuring about 5 - 6 cm long.
Fruit Large yellow fruit, pear-shaped, measuring about 4 - 5 cm long and 3 - 3.5 cm wide.
Habitat Can be found in woodland and grassy plains. 
Etymology Genus Gardenia is named after Dr. Alexander Garden (1730 - 1791), an American doctor who also studied plants and animals. Species cornuta means horn-shaped.

Landscaping Features

Desirable Plant Features Ornamental Flowers, Fragrant
Landscape Uses Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens

Fauna, Pollination and Dispersal

Fauna Pollination Dispersal Associated Fauna Butterfly-Attracting, Moth Food Plant

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun, Semi-Shade
Water Preference Moderate Water
Rootzone Tolerance Well-Drained Soils
Propagation Method Seed


Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower Colour(s) White

Fruit, Seed and Spore

Mature Fruit Colour(s) Yellow / Golden

Image Repository



Master ID 30949
Species ID 5335
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 20 August 2021.