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Hopea ferrea

Family Name: Dipterocarpaceae
Full Sun Moderate Water Tree


Family Name
Genus Epithet
Species Epithet

Classifications and Characteristics

Plant Division Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
Plant Growth Form Tree
Mode of Nutrition Autotrophic


Native Distribution Indochina, Thailand and north western Peninsular Malaysia
Native Habitat Terrestrial
Preferred Climate Zone Tropical

Description and Ethnobotany

Growth Form It is an evergreen tree, up to 30 m, with slender drooping twigs and no buttresses.
Trunk Bark red-brown to dark brown and flaky.
Foliage Leaves are ovate shaped (4 – 10 cm long and 2 -5 cm wide), leathery and usually with gland-like domatia in the axils of veins.  Young leaves are bright red and become glossy green as they matures. There are 6 - 9 pairs of secondary veins and ladder-like tertiary veins. Twigs is dark brown and smooth, often slightly zigzagging. Petiole is 1 – 1.2 cm long and stipule falls off early, leaving a faint stipular scar.
Flowers Flowers occurs in clusters which is up to 8 cm long. Flowers are small, cream to pale yellow, honey scented, and covered in soft hairs. Flower buds are ovoid (up to 3 mm long).
Fruits Fruit has 2 long wings (up to 3.5 cm long and 1.3 cm wide) which is spatula-shaped, and 3 shorter wings (up to 0.4 cm long and 0.1 cm wide). Fruit is pale green, ripening pinkish orange. Nut is cylindrical (1 cm long and 0.3 cm wide) with an abruptly tapering tip.
Habitat It is found in lowland deciduous evergreen forest, mostly on rocky ridges and limestone.
Cultivation Sapling have peltate leaves.

Landscaping Features

Landscape Uses General, Parks & Gardens

Plant Care and Propagation

Light Preference Full Sun
Water Preference Moderate Water


Foliage Retention Evergreen
Mature Foliage Colour(s) Green

Floral (Angiosperm)

Flower Colour(s) Cream / Off-White

Fruit, Seed and Spore

Mature Fruit Colour(s) - Angiosperms and Gymnosperms Orange, Pink

Image Repository



Master ID 31033
Species ID 5420
Flora Disclaimer The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.
Species record last updated on: 20 August 2021.